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In this work, we present a new optical routing framework, <i>O-Router</i> for future low-power on-chip optical interconnect integration utilizing silicon compatible nano-photonic devices. We formulate the optical layer routing problem as the minimization of total on-chip optical modulator cost (laser power consumption) with Integer Linear Programming(More)
CONTEXT Anaplastic thyroid carcinoma (ATC) is a highly aggressive carcinoma in need of therapeutic options. One critical component of drug discovery is the availability of well-characterized cell lines for identification of molecular mechanisms related to tumor biology and drug responsiveness. Up to 42% of human thyroid cancer cell lines are redundant or(More)
Oxidants in cigarette smoke inhibit pathogen recognition receptor function and phagocytosis, but the molecular basis of this inhibition remains obscure. We sought to identify the inhibitory mechanisms that impair alveolar macrophage function. Balb/c mice were acutely exposed to four cigarettes for 4 hours before treatment with intranasal LPS (1 μg). The(More)
OBJECTIVE There is increasing preclinical evidence indicating that metformin, a medication commonly used for type 2 diabetes mellitus, may protect against cancer. Motivated by this emerging evidence we asked 2 questions: (1) can metformin prevent ovarian cancer growth by altering metabolism and (2) will metformin increase sensitivity to chemotherapy. (More)
microRNA 21 (miR-21) has been demonstrated to be significantly elevated in many types of cancers, including the hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). In the present study, we investigated the role of miR-21 in HCC by identifying its novel targets, as well as its underlying molecular mechanism. The expression of mitogen-activated protein kinase-kinase 3 (MAP2K3)(More)
The Forkhead transcription factor, FoxO3a, is a known suppressor of primary tumor growth through transcriptional regulation of key genes regulating cell cycle arrest and apoptosis. In many types of cancer, in response to growth factor signaling, FoxO3a is phosphorylated by Akt, resulting in its exclusion from the nucleus. Here we show that FoxO3a remains(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have been demonstrated to play a pivotal role in the regulation of target gene expression at the post-transcriptional level. In order to better understand the role of miRNA in the immunological regulation of macrophages against Mycobacterium bovis BCG infection, we explored the alteration of immune-related miRNA profile in macrophage(More)
We previously isolated a bioactive molecule, named F3-A, from an aqueous glucose (Glc) and lysine (Lys) Maillard reaction (MR) model system. Herein, F3-A was verified as [5-(5,6-dihydro-4H-pyridin-3-ylidenemethyl)furan-2-yl]methanol (5) and was subsequently synthesized for confirmation of bioactivity. Using Taguchi and factorial designs, we determined that(More)
Low-density lipoprotein receptor (LDLR) plays a pivotal role in the control of plasma LDL-cholesterol level. This occurs predominantly at the transcriptional level through two gene regulation elements, named SRE: sterol-responsive element and SIRE: sterol-independent responsive element. We have developed a high-throughput screening using LDLR promoter(More)
The urokinase system is overexpressed in epithelial ovarian cancer cells and is expressed at low levels in normal cells. To develop a platform for intracellular and targeted delivery of therapeutics in ovarian cancer, we conjugated urokinase plasminogen activator (uPA) antibodies to liposomal nanobins. The arsenic trioxide-loaded nanobins had favorable(More)