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Langerhans cells (LCs) are the dendritic cells (DCs) of the epidermis, forming one of the first hematopoietic lines of defense against skin pathogens. In contrast to other DCs, LCs arise from hematopoietic precursors that seed the skin before birth. However, the origin of these embryonic precursors remains unclear. Using in vivo lineage tracing, we identify(More)
The vapor pressures and the aqueous solubilities of 411 compounds with a large structural diversity were investigated using a quantitative structure-property relationship (QSPR) approach. A five-descriptor equation with the squared correlation coefficient (R2) of 0.949 for vapor pressure and a six-descriptor equation with R2 of 0.879 for aqueous solubility(More)
Insight into how molecular machines perform their biological functions depends on knowledge of the spatial organization of the components, their connectivity, geometry, and organizational hierarchy. However, these parameters are difficult to determine in multicomponent assemblies such as integrin-based focal adhesions (FAs). We have previously applied 3D(More)
The complex formation between sodium carboxymethylcellulose (NaCMC) and dodecyltrimethylammonium bromide (DTAB) at various sodium bromide concentrations (C(NaBr)) has been studied by microcalorimetry, turbidimetric titration, steady-state fluorescence measurements, and the fluorescence polarization technique. The addition of salt is found to influence the(More)
Infectious spleen and kidney necrosis virus-like (ISKNV-like) virus causes a serious systemic disease with high morbidity and mortality of freshwater and marine fishes. Based on the ISKNV putative major capsid protein (MCP), the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), the mRNA capping enzyme (Capping), and the tumor necrosis factor receptor-associated(More)
Delivery of therapeutic proteins across the blood-brain barrier (BBB) is severely limited by their size and biochemical properties. Here we showed that a 39-amino acid peptide derived from the rabies virus glycoprotein (RDP) was exploited as an efficient protein carrier for brain-targeting delivery. Three proteins with different molecular weight and pI,(More)
Neutrophil granulocytes traffic into sites of organ injury in which they may not only participate in tissue repair and pathogen clearance but may also contribute to collateral cell damage through the release of noxious mediators. The dynamics and mechanisms of neutrophil migration in the extravascular space toward loci of tissue damage are not well(More)
The objective of this study was to understand the role of liver in modulating remote organ dysfunction during severe acute pancreatitis (SAP). We used sodium taurocholate and endotoxin to induce SAP in the rats and confirmed the development of this condition by measuring serum and ascite levels of the biomarkers of liver and lung damage. Our results showed(More)
Aerobic methane-oxidizing bacteria (MOB) play a crucial role in mitigating the methane emission from lake ecosystems to the atmosphere. However, the distribution of methanotrophic community in shallow and eutrophic lake and its influential factors remain essentially unclear. The present study investigated sediment methanotrophic microorganisms at different(More)
Multiphoton (MP) microscopy enables the direct in vivo visualization, with high spatial and temporal resolution, of fluorescently tagged immune cells, extracellular matrix and vasculature in tissues. This approach, therefore, represents a powerful alternative to traditional methods of assessing immune cell function in the skin, which are mainly based on(More)