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Like apoptosis, oncogene-induced senescence is a barrier to tumor development. However, relatively little is known about the signaling pathways mediating the senescence response. p38-regulated/activated protein kinase (PRAK) is a p38 MAPK substrate whose physiological functions are poorly understood. Here we describe a role for PRAK in tumor suppression by(More)
Macrophage cell death plays a role in many physiological and pathophysiological conditions. Previous work has shown that macrophages can undergo caspase-independent cell death, and this process is associated with Nur77 induction, which is involved in inducing chromatin condensation and DNA fragmentation. Here we show that autophagy is a cytosolic event that(More)
Semiconductor p-n junctions are essential building blocks for electronic and optoelectronic devices. In conventional p-n junctions, regions depleted of free charge carriers form on either side of the junction, generating built-in potentials associated with uncompensated dopant atoms. Carrier transport across the junction occurs by diffusion and drift(More)
We have experimentally determined the energies of the ground and first four excited excitonic states of the fundamental optical transition in monolayer WS_{2}, a model system for the growing class of atomically thin two-dimensional semiconductor crystals. From the spectra, we establish a large exciton binding energy of 0.32 eV and a pronounced deviation(More)
The piezoelectric characteristics of nanowires, thin films and bulk crystals have been closely studied for potential applications in sensors, transducers, energy conversion and electronics. With their high crystallinity and ability to withstand enormous strain, two-dimensional materials are of great interest as high-performance piezoelectric materials.(More)
We have measured optical second-harmonic generation (SHG) from atomically thin samples of MoS2 and h-BN with one to five layers. We observe strong SHG from materials with odd layer thickness, for which a noncentrosymmetric structure is expected, while the centrosymmetric materials with even layer thickness do not yield appreciable SHG. SHG for materials(More)
PURPOSE Advance directives have been available in parts of the United States for more than 20 years, but research shows that only a small percentage of adults (5-25%) have some form of written advance directive. The purose of this study was to examine the presence of advance directives among persons entering cardiac and pulmonary rehabilitation, and(More)
The interaction of vessel endothelial cell growth factor (VEGF) and its receptors (flt-1, FLK-1/KDR) regulates tumor angiogenesis. Therefore, blocking the binding of VEGF and the corresponding receptor has become critical for antitumor angiogenesis biological therapy. Our study extracted sFLK-1 fragment from embryo mouse liver using RT-PCR, recombined it to(More)
In primary cells, oncogenic ras induces a stable growth arrest known as premature senescence. Ras-induced premature senescence is considered as a tumor-suppressing defense response that needs to be bypassed before oncogenic potential ras can be revealed. To gain insights into the mechanism of senescence bypass during oncogenic transformation, we dissected(More)
We have measured circularly polarized photoluminescence in monolayer MoSe2 under perpendicular magnetic fields up to 10 T. At low doping densities, the neutral and charged excitons shift linearly with field strength at a rate of ∓0.12  meV/T for emission arising, respectively, from the K and K' valleys. The opposite sign for emission from different valleys(More)