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Nasal drug delivery may be used for either local or systemic effects. Low molecular weight drugs with are rapidly absorbed through nasal mucosa. The main reasons for this are the high permeability, fairly wide absorption area, porous and thin endothelial basement membrane of the nasal epithelium. Despite the many advantages of the nasal route, limitations(More)
INTRODUCTION Recent studies have suggested that PET imaging with Ga-68-labelled DOTA-somatostatin analogues such as octreotide and octreotate is useful in diagnosing neuroendocrine tumours (NETs) and has superior value over both computed tomography and planar and SPECT somatostatin receptor scintigraphy. PURPOSE The aim of the present study was to(More)
Ciprofloxacin hydrochloride-loaded microspheres were prepared by a spray-drying method using pectin and chitosan. The effects of different polymers and drug ratios were investigated. The most appropriate carriers were selected by in vitro testing. A rat methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus osteomyelitis model was used to evaluate the effects of the(More)
Oral induction of a disseminated mucosal immune response with polyplex-based DNA vaccines requires the delivery of intact polyplexes (polyelectrolyte complexes formed by self-assembly of plasmid DNA with a cationic polymer) to subepithelial lymphoid tissue (e.g. Peyer's patches) within the gastrointestinal tract. This work describes the formulation of a(More)
Hedgehog (Hh) signaling plays an important role in the development and metastasis of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). Although gemcitabine (GEM) has been used as a first-line therapy for PDAC, its rapid metabolism and short plasma half-life restrict its use as a single chemotherapy. Combination therapy with more than one drug is a promising approach(More)
The aim of the present study was to investigate the in vitro release properties of tiaprofenic acid (TA) from different topical vehicles. Carbopol 940 gel, chitosan gel, two types of emulsion-based ointment formulations (o/w and w/o) and hydrophilic petrolatum USP were prepared with 2% drug content. Drug release from all vehicles through a standard(More)
INTRODUCTION Antiemetic drugs are used in the treatment of nausea and emesis. Development of novel delivery systems for antiemetic drugs, as an alternative to conventional preparations, is important in terms of good patient compliance and improving bioavailability. The nasal route offers unique superiorities, such as fast and high drug absorption, and high(More)
In this study, heparin-loaded microspheres having smooth surface and small particle size were designed in order to provide the absorption of heparin through nasal mucosa. For this purpose, microspheres at different polymer/drug ratios (1:10, 1:2.5 and 1:1) and at different concentrations of polyvinyl alcohol, emulsifying agent (1.5% and 2.5% w/v) were(More)
The objectives of this study were to develop matrix-type transdermal patches of verapamil hydrochloride (VRP) with pectin as a matrix polymer to investigate the influence of several terpenes on in vitro permeation of VRP through rat skin and to evaluate pharmacodynamic activity of transdermal formulations in rats. Matrix-type transdermal patches containing(More)
Gel formulations of ciprofloxacin hydrochloride (CPH) were prepared with bioadhesive polymers such as hydroxypropyl methylcellulose (HPMC), hydroxyethyl cellulose (HEC) and methylcellulose (MC). They were administered into the nasal cavity of rabbits. A nasal aqueous suspension of CPH with glycerol was also applied. In addition, the effect of Tween 80 as(More)