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BACKGROUND Through three-dimensional real time imaging, augmented reality (AR) can provide an overlay of the anatomical structure, or visual cues for specific landmarks. In this study, an AR Toolkit was used for distraction osteogenesis with hemifacial microsomia to define the mandibular osteotomy line and assist with intraoral distractor placement. (More)
OBJECTIVE To establish a two-dimensional biological printing technique of chondrocytes and compare the difference of related biological characters between printed chondrocytes and unprinted cells so as to control the cell transfer process and keep cell viability after printing. METHODS Primary chondrocytes were obtained from human mature and fetal(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the application of three-dimensional (3-D) printing technique combining with 3-D CT and computer aided-design technique in customized artificial bone fabrication, correcting mandibular asymmetry deformity after mandibular angle ostectomy. METHODS Between April 2011 and June 2013, 23 female patients with mandibular asymmetry(More)
Ectodermal dysplasia syndrome is a hereditary disease of ectodermal origin. Appearances of nail dystrophy, alopecia or hypotrichosis, saddle nose deformity, and palmoplantar hyperkeratosis are usually associated with a lack of sweat glands as well as partial or complete absence of teeth. These manifestations are usually corrected only with oral(More)
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