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The Canada-U.S. Free Trade Agreement (FTA) provides a unique window onto the effects of a reciprocal trade agreement on an industrialized economy (Canada). For industries that experienced the deepest Canadian tariff cuts, employment fell by 12 percent and labour productivity rose by 15 percent as low-productivity plants contracted. For industries that(More)
Pd(0) nanoparticle catalysts stabilized by Gn-PAMAM-SBA-15 (n = 1-4) organic-inorganic hybrid composites were successfully prepared. Heterogeneous hydrogenation reaction of allyl alcohol over the Pd(0)-Gn-PAMAM-SBA-15 catalysts showed their high activities with TOFs of 2185, 2266, 711, and 739 and selectivities of 79.0, 82.0, 93.4, and 91.4%, respectively.(More)
This study reports the syntheses of Fe(3)O(4)@SiO(2)-Gn-PAMAM-Pd(0) composites and their applications as magnetically recoverable catalysts for the hydrogenation of allyl alcohol. The controlled growth of polyamidoamine (PAMAM) dendrimers with different generations on Fe(3)O(4)@SiO(2) surfaces was monitored by FT-IR spectra. Subsequently, Pd nanoparticles(More)
Magnetic hybrid hydrogels with a novel polymeric coating consisting of chitosan and cellulose were prepared. By coating cellulose and chitosan, we combined the renewability and biocompatibility of cellulose and chitosan as well as the magnetic properties of Fe(3)O(4) to create a hybrid system to adsorb heavy metals.
Based on weak fluctuation theory and the beam-wander model, the bit-error rate of a ground-to-satellite laser uplink communication system is analyzed, in comparison with the condition in which beam wander is not taken into account. Considering the combined effect of scintillation and beam wander, optimum divergence angle and transmitter beam radius for a(More)
Nowadays it has been accepted that the Kolmogorov model is not the only possible turbulent one in the atmosphere, which has been confirmed by the increasing experimental evidences and some results of theoretical investigation. This has prompted the scientist community to study optical propagation in non-Kolmogorov atmospheric turbulence. In this paper,(More)
An 11.8km optical link is established to examine the intensity fluctuation of the laser beam transmission through atmosphere turbulence. Probability density function, fade statistic, and high-frequency spectrum are researched based on the analysis of the experimental data collected in each season of a year, including both weak and strong fluctuation cases.(More)
Mesoporous SBA-15 materials functionalized with propylsulfonic acid groups (SBA-15-SO(3)H) were synthesized through a conventional one-pot route. It was used as a catalyst for the selective synthesis of 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) from the dehydration of fructose using BmimCl as solvent. Reaction time, temperature and fructose concentration were(More)
The areas of the land consolidation projects are generally small, so the remote sensing images used in land-cover classification for the land consolidation are generally high spatial resolution images. The spectral complexity of land consolidation objects results in specific limitation using pixel-based analysis for land cover classification such as(More)
The need for energy-aware computing has become increasingly demanding. However, high-performance computing is always users' pursuit. The key is how to maintain high performance meanwhile consuming an acceptable amount of energy. One feasible method is the energy-aware automatic tuning. In this paper, we implemented and compared several Differential(More)