BACKGROUND The unique metabolism of tumors was described many years ago by Otto Warburg, who identified tumor cells with increased glycolysis and decreased mitochondrial activity. However, "aerobic glycolysis" generates fewer ATP per glucose molecule than mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation, so in terms of energy production, it is unclear how increasing… (More)
Web service composition is the act of combining existed services to meet the requirement of customers. It requires allocating suitable resources to a set of services that constitute a composite service. The problem is complicated by the fact that the availability of resources may be uncertain and dynamic. Thus, some new challenges appear in this area, such… (More)
—an ensemble in data mining is the strategy that combines a set of different classifiers together to generate an integrated classification system to classify new instances. In the early research, an ensemble outperforms any of its individual components. Stacking is one of the most influential ensemble among the proposed ensemble schemes. Stacking applies a… (More)
Pyrococcus horikoshii lysyl-tRNA synthetase/tRNA orthogonal pair exhibited high selectivity towards d-lysine in the presence of excess amount of d-lysine. Based on the observation, this orthogonal pair was employed to encode d-lysine, and d-lysine was site-specifically incorporated into the diketoreductase in E. coli cells.
Diketoreductase catalyzes a two-step bioreduction on a dicarbonyl substrate through a novel dual catalysis mode, in which random hydride attack simultaneously forms two mono-carbonyl intermediates, and subsequently distinct catalytic sites are responsible for the reductions of respective carbonyl group of the intermediates to yield the final dihydroxy… (More)
Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge, which is also known as a traditional Chinese herbal medicine, is widely studied for its ability to accumulate the diterpene quinone Tanshinones. In addition to producing a variety of diterpene quinone, S. miltiorrhiza Bunge also accumulates sterol, brassinosteroid and triterpenoids. During their biosynthesis, squalene synthase… (More)