Yijun Chen

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BACKGROUND The unique metabolism of tumors was described many years ago by Otto Warburg, who identified tumor cells with increased glycolysis and decreased mitochondrial activity. However, "aerobic glycolysis" generates fewer ATP per glucose molecule than mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation, so in terms of energy production, it is unclear how increasing(More)
Exenatide is an FDA-approved glucose-lowering peptide drug for the treatment of type 2 diabetes by subcutaneous injection. To address the issues on the inconvenience for patient use and the difficulty of oral administration of peptide drugs, chemical cross-linking of two pH-responsive biomaterials, alginate and hyaluronate, was carried out to prepare a new(More)
CD137 ligand (CD137L) is a member of the tumor-necrosis factor superfamily that binds CD137 to provide positive co-stimulatory signals for T cells activation. Co-stimulation through CD137/CD137L has become one of the promising approaches for cancer therapy. Previous reports have shown that CD137L expressed in Escherichia coli resulted in inclusion bodies or(More)
Despite the great success in using tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) to treat chronic myeloid leukemia (CML), the frequent development of multi-drug resistance, particularly the T315I mutation of BCR-ABL, remains a challenging issue. Enhancement of protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) activity by dissociating its endogenous inhibitor SET is an effective approach(More)
Triterpenoid toosendanin (TSN) exhibits potent cytotoxic activity through inducing apoptosis in a variety of cancer cell lines. However, the target and mechanism of the apoptotic effects by TSN remain unknown. In this study, we captured a specific binding protein of TSN in HL-60 cells by serial affinity chromatography and further identified it as(More)
Peucedanum praeruptorum Dunn is well-known traditional Chinese medicine. However, little is known in the biosynthesis and the transport mechanisms of its coumarin compounds at the molecular level. Although transcriptomic sequence is playing an increasingly significant role in gene discovery, it is not sufficient in predicting the specific function of target(More)
Enantiomerically pure l-homophenylalanine (l-HPA) is a key building block for the synthesis of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors and other chiral pharmaceuticals. Among the processes developed for the l-HPA production, biocatalytic synthesis employing phenylalanine dehydrogenase has been proven as the most promising route. However, similar to other(More)
Diketoreductase catalyzes a two-step bioreduction on a dicarbonyl substrate through a novel dual catalysis mode, in which random hydride attack simultaneously forms two mono-carbonyl intermediates, and subsequently distinct catalytic sites are responsible for the reductions of respective carbonyl group of the intermediates to yield the final dihydroxy(More)
Pyrococcus horikoshii lysyl-tRNA synthetase/tRNA orthogonal pair exhibited high selectivity towards d-lysine in the presence of excess amount of d-lysine. Based on the observation, this orthogonal pair was employed to encode d-lysine, and d-lysine was site-specifically incorporated into the diketoreductase in E. coli cells.
Peucedanum praeruptorum Dunn is one of the main traditional Chinese medicines producing coumarins and plenty of literatures are focused on the biosynthesis of coumarins. Quantitative real-time reverse transcription PCR (qRT-PCR) is a widely used method in studying the biosynthesis pathway and the selection of reference genes plays a crucial role in accurate(More)