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Rex-1 (Zfp-42) is a known marker for undifferentiated embryonic stem cells and teratocarcinoma cells. However, the mechanism by which Rex-1 is regulated in pluripotent cells remains unresolved. Here we report that Nanog, an Nk-2 homeodomain protein known for its role in maintaining stem cell pluripotency, is a transcription activator for the Rex-1 promoter.(More)
Origin recognition complex (ORC) plays critical roles in the initiation of DNA replication and cell-cycle progression. In metazoans, ORC associates with origin DNA during G1 and with heterochromatin in postreplicated cells. However, what regulates the binding of ORC to chromatin is not understood. We have identified a highly conserved, leucine-rich repeats(More)
Chemical biology methods such as high-throughput screening (HTS) and affinity-based target identification can be used to probe biological systems on a biomacromolecule level, providing valuable insights into the molecular mechanisms of those systems. Here, by establishing a human embryonal carcinoma cell-based HTS platform, we screened 171,077 small(More)
The emerging models of human embryonic stem cell (hESC) self-organizing organoids provide a valuable in vitro platform for studying self-organizing processes that presumably mimic in vivo human developmental events. Here we report that through a chemical screen, we identified two novel and structurally similar small molecules BIR1 and BIR2 which robustly(More)
The homo- and hetero-tetrameric channel complexes formed by transient receptor potential cation channel, subfamily M, member 6 (TRPM6) and 7 (TRPM7) (collectively referred to as TRPM6/TRPM7 channels in this study) are the major regulators of cellular magnesium uptake, yet the exact roles of TRPM6/TRPM7 channels and cellular magnesium homeostasis during(More)
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