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In recent years several review articles and books have been published on the use of porphyrin-based compounds in photodynamic therapy (PDT). This critical review is focused on (i) the basic concept of PDT, (ii) advantages of long-wavelength absorbing photosensitizers (PS), (iii) a brief discussion on recent advances in developing PDT agents, and (iv) the(More)
We report a novel nanoformulation of a photosensitizer (PS), for photodynamic therapy (PDT) of cancer, where the PS molecules are covalently incorporated into organically modified silica (ORMOSIL) nanoparticles. We found that the covalently incorporated PS molecules retained their spectroscopic and functional properties and could robustly generate cytotoxic(More)
A clinically relevant photosensitizer, 3-devinyl-3-(1-hexyloxyethyl)pyropheophorbide-a (HPPH, a chlorophyll-a derivative), was conjugated with Gd(III)-aminobenzyl-diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid (DTPA), an experimental magnetic resonance (MR) imaging agent. In vivo reflectance spectroscopy confirmed tumor uptake of HPPH-aminobenzyl-Gd(III)-DTPA conjugate(More)
Methyl 3-(1'-m-iodobenzyloxyethyl)-3-devinylpyropheophorbide-a (2), obtained in a sequence of reactions from pyropheophorbide-a (a chlorophyll-a derivative), was found to be a promising imaging agent and a photosensitizer for photodynamic therapy (PDT). The electrophilic aromatic iodination of the corresponding trimethylstannyl intermediate with Na124I in(More)
Pyropheophorbides and their metal complexes were synthesized to investigate their applications as nonradioactive peripheral benzodiazepine receptor (PBR) binding probes and photosensitizers for use in photodynamic therapy. They were found to be localized in mitochondria and showed significant binding to PBR. In some cases, the PBR binding values were(More)
The carbohydrate moieties on conjugating with 3-(1'-hexyloxyethyl)-3-devinyl pyropeophorbide-a (HPPH) altered the uptake and intracellular localization from mitochondria to lysosomes. In vitro, HPPH-Gal 9 PDT showed increased PDT efficacy over HPPH-PDT as detectable by the oxidative cross-linking of nonphosphorylated STAT3 and cell killing in(More)
In current study, a novel monolithic capillary column with embedded attapulgite nanoparticles has been developed and exploited as a stationary phase in hydrophilic in-tube solid phase microextraction (SPME) of cyromazine and melamine. The fibrillar attapulgite nanoparticles were embedded in the poly(1-vinyl-3-(butyl-4-sulfonate)(More)
Microwave transitions and ground state rotational constants are reported for five newly synthesized deuterium isotopologues of cis-1,3,5-hexatriene (cHTE). These rotational constants along with those of the parent and the three (13)C species are used with vibration-rotation constants calculated from an MP2/cc-pVTZ model to derive an equilibrium structure.(More)
The purpose of this review is to call attention in the use of chlorophyll-a and bacteriochlorophyll-a to develop more than 600 photosensitizers (lambda (max) 660 nm-800 nm) during the last 15 years (1990-2005) at the Photodynamic Therapy Center, Roswell Park Cancer Institute, Buffalo. This article mainly includes the chemistry, preclinical results, and(More)
Breast cancer is subdivided into three types: hormone (estrogen and progesterone) receptor (ER and PR) positive, Her2-neu positive and triple negative breast cancers. In general, surgical and radiation treatments are similar, but drug treatment for different subtypes of breast cancers is different. Endocrine therapy (ET) is specifically used for the(More)