Yihsuan Shannon Tsai

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The Halobacterium salinarum gas vesicle (GV) is an extremely stable intracellular organelle with air trapped inside a proteinaceous membrane. Reported here is a comparative proteomics analysis of GV and GV depleted lysate (GVD) to reveal the membrane structural proteins. Ten proteins encoded by gvp-1 (gvpMLKJIHGFED-1 and gvpACNO-1) and five proteins encoded(More)
In the last two years, because of advances in protein separation and mass spectrometry, top-down mass spectrometry moved from analyzing single proteins to analyzing complex samples and identifying hundreds and even thousands of proteins. However, computational tools for database search of top-down spectra against protein databases are still in their(More)
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a functional gastrointestinal (GI) disorder characterized by chronic abdominal pain associated with alterations in bowel function. Given the heterogeneity of the symptoms, multiple pathophysiologic factors are suspected to play a role. We classified women with IBS into four subgroups based on distinct symptom profiles.(More)
PURPOSE Interstitial cystitis/painful bladder syndrome (IC/PBS) is characterized by chronic pain, pressure and discomfort felt in the pelvis or bladder. An in-depth shotgun proteomics study was carried out to profile the urinary proteome of women with IC/PBS to identify possible specific proteins and networks associated with IC%PBS. MATERIALS AND METHODS(More)
The 1310 Haloarcula marismortui proteins identified from mid-log and late-log phase soluble and membrane proteomes were analyzed in metabolic and cellular process networks to predict the available systems and systems fluctuations upon environmental stresses. When the connected metabolic reactions with identified proteins were examined, the availability of a(More)
We present a precursor ion independent top-down algorithm (PIITA) for use in automated assignment of protein identifications from tandem mass spectra of whole proteins. To acquire the data, we utilize data-dependent acquisition to select protein precursor ions eluting from a C4-based HPLC column for collision induced dissociation in the linear ion trap of(More)
In collision-induced dissociation (CID) of peptides, it has been observed that rearrangement processes can take place that appear to permute/scramble the original primary structure, which may in principle adversely affect peptide identification. Here, an analysis of sequence permutation in tandem mass spectra is presented for a previously published(More)
Although mass spectrometers are capable of providing high mass accuracy data, assignment of true monoisotopic precursor ion mass is complicated during data-dependent ion selection for LC-MS/MS analysis of complex mixtures. The complication arises when chromatographic peak widths for a given analyte exceed the time required to acquire a precursor ion mass(More)
SOX2 is a key gene implicated in maintaining the stemness of embryonic and adult stem cells that appears to re-activate in several human cancers including glioblastoma multiforme. Using immunoprecipitation (IP)/MS/MS, we identified 144 proteins that are putative SOX2 interacting proteins. Of note, SOX2 was found to interact with several heterogeneous(More)
We drew upon recent advances in tandem mass spectrometry–based proteomic analyses in order to examine the proteins that remain after a diatom bloom enters the stationary phase, precipitates out of the photic zone, and is subjected to microbial degradation over a 23-d period within a controlled laboratory environment. Proteins were identified from tandem(More)