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Dicer (Dcr) is the key protein of the RNA interference (RNAi) pathway. To investigate the role of the RNAi pathway in shrimp anti-viral immunity, Litopenaeus vannamei Dcr2 (designated as LvDcr2) was identified and characterized. The full-length cDNA of LvDcr2 was 5513bp long, with an open reading frame encoding a putative protein of 1502 amino acids. In(More)
The RNA interference (RNAi) is an evolutionarily conserved protective mechanism in eukaryotes against parasitic foreign nucleic acids. Previous studies demonstrated that the RNAi mechanism is important for shrimp antiviral immunity. Here, we report the identification and functional analysis of two key components of the shrimp RNAi activity: Litopenaeus(More)
BACKGROUND Hematopoietic growth factor (HGF) is indispensable to hematopoiesis in the body. The proliferation and differentiation of hematopoietic cells must rely on the existence and stimulation of HGF. This study investigated the effect of catechin, an active component extracted from Spatholobus suberectus Dunn (SSD), on bioactivity of(More)
The beta-3 adrenergic receptor (β3-AR) Trp64Arg and uncoupling protein 1 (UCP1) -3826 A > G polymorphisms have been reported to be associated with obesity and/or lipid metabolism in some populations. This study examined the possible association of the β3-AR and UCP1 polymorphisms with overweight/obesity or lipid variation in a Southwest Chinese population.(More)
Heat shock transcription factors belong to the heat shock factor (HSF) protein family, which are involved in heat shock protein (HSP) gene regulation. They are critical for cell survival upon exposure to harmful conditions. In this study, we identified and characterized a HSF1 (LvHSF1) gene in Litopenaeus vannamei, with a full-length cDNA of 2841 bp and an(More)
Single-stranded gaps at the 3' ends of Streptomyces linear replicons are patched by DNA synthesis primed by terminal proteins (TP) during replication. We devised an in vitro system that specifically incorporated dCMP, the first nucleotide at the 5' ends, onto a threonine residue of the TP of Streptomyces coelicolor.
BACKGROUND Ischemic postconditioning (I-postC) is a newly discovered and more amenable cardioprotective strategy capable of protecting the myocardium from ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is a principal site for secretary protein synthesis and calcium storage. Myocardial I/R causes ER stress and emerging studies suggest that the(More)
BACKGROUND Id3 plays a key role in the progression of breast cancer. Previously, four and a half LIM protein (FHL2) was identified as a repressor of Id family proteins by interacting with them. This study aimed to investigate the effects of FHL2 on the transcriptional regulation and oncogenic activities of Id3 in human breast cancer cells. METHODS Cell(More)
The immediate-early gene ie1 carried by white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) exhibits very strong promoter activity and expresses highly throughout the infection cycle. Here we identified a NF-κB binding motif in the ie1 promoter region. Electrophoretic mobility shift assays indicated that the recombinant Rel homology domain (RHD) of shrimp NF-κB homolog(More)
White spot syndrome virus (WSSV) has caused great economic damage to shrimp aquaculture. Previous studies have shown that WSSV successfully usurps the immunity system of the host for its own gene regulation. To investigate the role of shrimp high mobility group box (HMGB) proteins in WSSV gene regulation, two Litopenaeus vannamei HMGB genes, LvHMGBa and(More)