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PURPOSE To prospectively study the diagnostic performance of hybrid single-dose contrast-enhanced MRA of peripheral arterial disease (PAD), with digital subtraction angiography (DSA) as the reference standard. MATERIALS AND METHODS Hybrid MRA, combining time resolved imaging of contrast kinetics and two-station bolus-chase sequences, of lower limb was(More)
A 57-year-old female presented to the emergency department with progressive right flank pain for 2 days. She denied recent traumatic events. Initial vital signs were stable with blood pressure 125/80 mmHg. Physical examination revealed right flank knocking tenderness. Laboratory data showed leukocytosis 20 180/lL and normal haemoglobin 10.5 g/dL. The(More)
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