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When attempting to assess the extent and the implications of environmental pollution, it is often essential to quantify not only the total concentration of the studied contaminant but also its bioavailable fraction: higher bioavailability, often correlated with increased mobility, signifies enhanced risk but may also facilitate bioremediation. Genetically(More)
Lead originating from coal burning, gasoline burning, and ore smelting was identified in 210Pb-dated profiles through eight peat bogs distributed over an area of 60,000 km2. The Sphagnum-dominated bogs were located mainly in mountainous regions of the Czech Republic bordering with Germany, Austria, and Poland. Basal peat 14C-dated at 11,000 years BP had a(More)
  • Y Erel
  • 1998
The isotopic composition of Pb measured in soil samples was used to determine rates and mechanisms of anthropogenic Pb migration in the soil. Petrol-Pb found in soluble halogenated aerosols migrates into the soil and is retained in the soil by the stationary soil particles. Lead infiltration velocity is approximately 5 x 10(-1) cm/year, and its retardation(More)
The isotopic composition and concentrations of Pb in the sediments of the Sea of Galilee (Lake Kinneret) were measured. The studied sediments have been deposited in the lake since the early 1900s (ca. 1920), hence Pb data record the transition from a period when the lake vicinity was sparsely populated to the present (approximately 100,000 people living in(More)
The transport of anthropogenic pollution by desert dust in the Eastern Mediterranean region was studied by analyzing major and trace element composition, organic species, and Pb isotope ratios in suspended dust samples collected in Jerusalem, Israel. Dust storms in this region are associated with four distinct synoptic conditions (Red Sea Trough (RS),(More)
Given the observed differences in the Pb isotopic composition of Mn crusts and nodules from different ocean basins (18), the residence time must be less than the ϳ10 3-year mixing time of the oceans [ W. but in the central Pacific may be sufficiently long to mix and integrate differing inputs from incoming water masses and the basin margins. Studies of 210(More)
The biological-mediated redox cycle of Fe was studied in the epilimnion of Lake Kinneret (Sea of Galilee), a mesotrophic lake in Israel. Multi-annual lake water sampling and incubation experiments were carried out to study Fe(III) reduction by natural phytoplankton populations and their possible role in inhibiting Fe(II) oxidation. The reduction(More)
In this study we combine Pb isotopes, Pb, Ni, Cu, Zn, and several major metal concentrations, identification of the aerosol particles, and synoptic and back trajectory analyses to obtain direct evidence for the extent and nature of mixing between Middle Eastern and European sources emissions of metals and aerosols. During the summer months aerosols(More)
We evaluated the impact of Saharan dust storms on the local airborne microbiome in a city in the Eastern Mediterranean area. Samples of particles with diameter less than 10 μm were collected during two spring seasons on both dusty and nondusty days. DNA was extracted, and partial 16S rRNA gene amplicons were sequenced using the Illumina platform.(More)
A high-temporal resolution collection technique was applied to refine aerosol sampling in Jerusalem, Israel. Using stable lead isotopes, lead concentrations, synoptic data, and atmospheric modeling, we demonstrate that lead detected in the atmosphere of Jerusalem is not only anthropogenic lead of local origin but also lead emitted in other countries.(More)