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Methionine residues in peptides and proteins were oxidized to methionine sulfoxides by mild oxidizing reagents such as chloramine-T and N-chlorosuccinimide at neutral and slightly alkaline pH. With chloramine-T cysteine was also oxidized to cystine but no other amino acid was modified; with N-chlorosuccinimide tryptophans were oxidized as well. In peptides(More)
cDNA clones encoding the variable and constant regions of chicken immunoglobulin (Ig) gamma-chains were obtained from spleen cDNA libraries. Southern blots of kidney DNA show that the variable region sequences of eight cDNA clones reveal the same set of bands corresponding to approximately 30 cross-hybridizing VH genes of one subgroup. Since the VH clones(More)
An endogenous substance which specifically displaces clonidine, yohimbine and rauwolscine from rat brain alpha 2-adrenergic receptors, has been isolated. The new compound, designed clonidine-displacing-substance (CDS), has been partially purified by ion exchange chromatography, zone electrophoresis and high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). CDS(More)
The active-site metal ion and the associated ligand amino acids in the NADP-linked, tetrameric enzyme Thermoanaerobacter brockii alcohol dehydrogenase (TBADH) were characterized by atomic absorption spectroscopy analysis and site-directed mutagenesis. Our preliminary results indicating the presence of a catalytic zinc and the absence of a structural metal(More)
The structure of the apo form of alcohol dehydrogenase from a single-cell eukaryotic source, Entamoeba histolytica, has been determined at 1.8 A. To date, bacterial and archeal alcohol dehydrogenases, which are biologically active as tetramers, have crystallized with tetramers in the asymmetric unit. However, the current structure has one independent dimer(More)
Principles of protein thermostability have been studied by comparing structures of thermostable proteins with mesophilic counterparts that have a high degree of sequence identity. Two tetrameric NADP(H)-dependent alcohol dehydrogenases, one from Clostridium beijerinckii (CBADH) and the other from Thermoanaerobacter brockii (TBADH), having exceptionally high(More)