Yigal Burstein

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cDNA clones encoding the variable and constant regions of chicken immunoglobulin (Ig) gamma-chains were obtained from spleen cDNA libraries. Southern blots of kidney DNA show that the variable region sequences of eight cDNA clones reveal the same set of bands corresponding to approximately 30 cross-hybridizing VH genes of one subgroup. Since the VH clones(More)
Methionine residues in peptides and proteins were oxidized to methionine sulfoxides by mild oxidizing reagents such as chloramine-T and N-chlorosuccinimide at neutral and slightly alkaline pH. With chloramine-T cysteine was also oxidized to cystine but no other amino acid was modified; with N-chlorosuccinimide tryptophans were oxidized as well. In peptides(More)
Principles of protein thermostability have been studied by comparing structures of thermostable proteins with mesophilic counterparts that have a high degree of sequence identity. Two tetrameric NADP(H)-dependent alcohol dehydrogenases, one from Clostridium beijerinckii (CBADH) and the other from Thermoanaerobacter brockii (TBADH), having exceptionally high(More)
An endogenous substance which specifically displaces clonidine, yohimbine and rauwolscine from rat brain alpha 2-adrenergic receptors, has been isolated. The new compound, designed clonidine-displacing-substance (CDS), has been partially purified by ion exchange chromatography, zone electrophoresis and high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). CDS(More)
Pseudomonas aeruginosa alcohol dehydrogenase (PaADH; ADH, EC 1.1.1.1) catalyzes the reversible oxidation of primary and secondary alcohols to the corresponding aldehydes and ketones, using NAD as coenzyme. We crystallized the ternary complex of PaADH with its coenzyme and a substrate molecule and determined its structure at a resolution of 2.3 A, using the(More)
By the 1980s, improved results in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) were achieved with risk-directed combination chemotherapy and central nervous system (CNS) prophylaxis, mostly cranial radiotherapy (CRT). However, concerns about long-term toxicity, neuropsychological and secondary brain tumors prompted our group and others to seek alternative(More)
We have determined the X-ray structures of the NADP(H)-dependent alcohol dehydrogenase of Clostridiim beijerinckii (CBADH) in the apo and holo-enzyme forms at 2.15 A and 2.05 A resolution, respectively, and of the holo-alcohol dehydrogenase of Thermoanaerobacter brockii (TBADH) at 2.5 A. These are the first structures of prokaryotic alcohol dehydrogenase to(More)