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Methionine residues in peptides and proteins were oxidized to methionine sulfoxides by mild oxidizing reagents such as chloramine-T and N-chlorosuccinimide at neutral and slightly alkaline pH. With chloramine-T cysteine was also oxidized to cystine but no other amino acid was modified; with N-chlorosuccinimide tryptophans were oxidized as well. In peptides(More)
cDNA clones encoding the variable and constant regions of chicken immunoglobulin (Ig) gamma-chains were obtained from spleen cDNA libraries. Southern blots of kidney DNA show that the variable region sequences of eight cDNA clones reveal the same set of bands corresponding to approximately 30 cross-hybridizing VH genes of one subgroup. Since the VH clones(More)
An endogenous substance which specifically displaces clonidine, yohimbine and rauwolscine from rat brain alpha 2-adrenergic receptors, has been isolated. The new compound, designed clonidine-displacing-substance (CDS), has been partially purified by ion exchange chromatography, zone electrophoresis and high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). CDS(More)
Principles of protein thermostability have been studied by comparing structures of thermostable proteins with mesophilic counterparts that have a high degree of sequence identity. Two tetrameric NADP(H)-dependent alcohol dehydrogenases, one from Clostridium beijerinckii (CBADH) and the other from Thermoanaerobacter brockii (TBADH), having exceptionally high(More)
A new compound, designated clonidine-displacing substance (CDS), has been isolated from calf brain by ion-exchange chromatography, zone electrophoresis and high-performance liquid chromatography. CDS binds specifically to alpha 2-adrenergic receptors in rat brain and human platelet membranes, as measured in direct binding experiments using [3H]clonidine and(More)
BACKGROUND Preventive cranial radiotherapy (CRT) in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), although effective, may be associated with neurologic sequelae and second malignancies. Attempts to replace CRT with intensified intrathecal therapy (IT) have shown promise in lower risk subgroups. In the Israel National Study (INS) 89 trial, the efficacy of(More)
A comparison of the three-dimensional structures of the closely related mesophilic Clostridium beijerinckii alcohol dehydrogenase (CBADH) and the hyperthermophilic Thermoanaerobacter brockii alcohol dehydrogenase (TBADH) suggested that extra proline residues in TBADH located in strategically important positions might contribute to the extreme thermal(More)
Proteins play a pivotal role in thermophily. Comparing the molecular properties of homologous proteins from thermophilic and mesophilic bacteria is important for understanding the mechanisms of microbial adaptation to extreme environments. The thermophile Thermoanaerobacter (Thermoanaerobium) brockii and the mesophile Clostridium beijerinckii contain an(More)
Class A and class B NAD(H)/NADP(H) coenzyme-dependent dehydrogenases distinguish between the diastereotopic hydrogens pro-R and pro-S at position 4 of the cofactor. We investigated the stereochemistry of hydride transfer in reactions catalyzed by an unusual thermophilic, zinc-containing, NADP-linked enzyme Thermoanaerobium brockii alcohol dehydrogenase(More)