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Antisense non-coding RNA in the INK4 locus (ANRIL) is a member of long non-coding RNAs and has been reported to be dysregulated in several human cancers. However, the role of ANRIL in bladder cancer remains unclear. This present study aimed to investigate whether and how ANRIL involved in bladder cancer. Our results showed up-regulation of ANRIL in bladder(More)
Stromal cell-derived factor-1 (SDF-1)/CXCR4 pathway has been shown to play an important role in prostate cancer (PCa) metastasis and siRNA expression using cell-specific promoters has been demonstrated to be a potential tool for targeted gene therapy. Here, we illustrate that human telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT) promoter-induced CXCR4 knockdown(More)
Oleanolic acid (OA) is a naturally occurring pentacyclic triterpenoid and possesses diverse pharmacological activities, including anti-cancer effects that have been confirmed in multiple types of human cancers. However, the potential effect of natural OA on human prostate cancer is still unclear. The present study aimed to explore whether and how OA exerted(More)
Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is the most common solid neoplasm of adult kidney, and the major treatment for metastatic RCC (mRCC) is molecular targeted therapy. Sorafenib, as a multi-targeted tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI), has significantly improved clinical outcomes of mRCC patients. However, complete or long-term remissions are rarely achieved due to(More)
Lysine-specific demethylase 1 (LSD1) is the first defined histone demethylase, and was found to be closely correlated with the development and progression of various types of cancers, including prostate cancer (PCa). Previous research suggests that LSD1 is closely related with cell proliferation, angiogenesis, migration and invasion in PCa. However, it(More)
UNLABELLED Prostate cancer is one of the most common malignancies in adult males and metastasis is the leading cause of death cases without satisfactory treatment options. Anoikis-resistance and migration are crucial aspects for the metastasis of various human cancer cells including prostate cancer and L-thyroxin (T4) has been proved to play vital roles in(More)
The epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) promotes cancer invasion and metastasis, however, the integrative mechanisms that coordinate the process are incompletely understood. In this study, we defined a pivotal functional role for the Forkhead transcription factor FOXQ1 in regulating EMT in bladder cancer. We initially investigated the expression of(More)
Plumbagin inhibits the growth, metastasis, and invasion of prostate cancer (PCa). However, its lower bioavailability limits biopharmaceutical properties due to insolubility in water. Prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) aptamer-targeted nanoparticles (NPs) significantly enhanced cytotoxicity in prostate epithelial cells. This study aimed to investigate(More)
Autophagy is an evolutionarily conserved catabolic process in eukaryotic cells, which allows cells to overcome a wide array of of stresses and has recently been shown to result in drug resistance. This study examined the effect of autophagy on oleanolic acid (OA)-induced cytotoxicity against bladder cancer cells. Our study demonstrated that OA inhibited(More)
OBJECTIVE To estimate the bystander effect mediated by herpes simplex virus-thymidine kanase/ganciclovir (HSV-TK/GCV) suicide gene therapy approach on PC-3m, a prostate cancer cell line, to explore the role of connexin (Cx) mediated gap junctional intercellular communication (GJIC) in the procedure of bystander effect of HSV-TK/GCV system and to investigate(More)