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IR-780 iodide is a near-infrared (NIR) fluorescence dye with higher and more stable fluorescence intensity than clinically applied dye indocyanine green (ICG). Meanwhile, IR-780 can be utilized in photothermal therapy with laser irradiation. IR-780 is an important theranostic agent but its lipophilicity limited its application. In this paper, we synthesize(More)
Indocyanine green (ICG) nanoparticles were developed via electrostatic interactions of ICG and dextran based block copolymers (PEG-dextran(-SS-NH2)) as near-infrared (NIR) theranostic nanoparticles. The nanoparticles could be activated from "OFF" to "ON" of NIR fluorescence in an intracellular environment and used for NIR imaging and photothermal therapy.
Cationic liposomes have emerged as a novel adjuvant and antigen delivery system to enhance vaccine efficacy. However, the role of surface charge density in cationic liposome-regulated immune responses has not yet been elucidated. In the present study, we prepared a series of DOTAP/DOPC cationic liposomes with different surface densities by incorporating(More)
Signaling by vitamin A through its active metabolite retinoic acid (RA) is critical for the normal development and functions of the hematopoietic and immune systems. B cells, as both factories for antibody production and part of the immune regulatory system, are critical to a successful vaccination response. RA is a factor in the development and competence(More)
Theranostic agents are attracting a great deal of attention in personalized medicine. Here, we developed a protein-based, facile method for fabrication of nanosized, reduced graphene oxide (nano-rGO) with high stability and low cytotoxicity. We constructed highly integrated photoacoustic/ultrasonic dual-modality imaging and photothermal therapy platforms,(More)
Modern subunit vaccines with purified or recombinant antigens are important alternatives to the traditional vaccines. However, there remains a big challenge to elicit potent antibody production and CD8 T cell response. Nanoparticle-based antigen delivery systems have emerged as an innovative strategy to improve the efficacy of subunit vaccines. The present(More)
The regulation of signal transducer and activator of transcription-1 (STAT-1) by cytokines and all-trans-retinoic acid (RA) was investigated in THP-1 monocytic cells cultured with RA and stimulated with lipopolysaccharide (LPS), tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), interferon-beta (IFN-beta), and IFN-gamma, individually or in combinations. While RA(More)
While the duration and size of human clinical trials may be difficult to reduce, there are several parameters in pre-clinical vaccine development that may be possible to further optimise. By increasing the accuracy of the models used for pre-clinical vaccine testing, it should be possible to increase the probability that any particular vaccine candidate(More)
Since avian influenza virus H5N1-induced hypercytokemia plays a key role in acute lung injury, understanding its molecular mechanism is highly desirable for discovering therapeutic targets against H5N1 infection. In the present study, we investigated the role of autophagy in H5N1-induced lung inflammation by using H5N1 pseudotyped viral particles (H5N1pps).(More)
Lymph nodes (LNs) are peripheral lymphoid organs essential for vaccine-induced immune responses. Although cationic liposomes have been documented as a novel adjuvant and vaccine delivery system, whether enhancing LN targeting would improve the efficiency of cationic liposome-formulated vaccines has not been elucidated yet. In the present study we(More)