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IR-780 iodide is a near-infrared (NIR) fluorescence dye with higher and more stable fluorescence intensity than clinically applied dye indocyanine green (ICG). Meanwhile, IR-780 can be utilized in photothermal therapy with laser irradiation. IR-780 is an important theranostic agent but its lipophilicity limited its application. In this paper, we synthesize(More)
Signaling by vitamin A through its active metabolite retinoic acid (RA) is critical for the normal development and functions of the hematopoietic and immune systems. B cells, as both factories for antibody production and part of the immune regulatory system, are critical to a successful vaccination response. RA is a factor in the development and competence(More)
Cationic liposomes have emerged as a novel adjuvant and antigen delivery system to enhance vaccine efficacy. However, the role of surface charge density in cationic liposome-regulated immune responses has not yet been elucidated. In the present study, we prepared a series of DOTAP/DOPC cationic liposomes with different surface densities by incorporating(More)
Theranostic agents are attracting a great deal of attention in personalized medicine. Here, we developed a protein-based, facile method for fabrication of nanosized, reduced graphene oxide (nano-rGO) with high stability and low cytotoxicity. We constructed highly integrated photoacoustic/ultrasonic dual-modality imaging and photothermal therapy platforms,(More)
SUMMARY The in vitro Peripheral Tissue Equivalent (PTE) module is a three-dimensional tissue-engineered endothelial cell/collagen matrix culture system, which has been reported to reproduce in vivo physiological conditions and which generates dendritic cells (DC) autonomously. In the present study, we used the PTE module to investigate the immunopotency of(More)
Since avian influenza virus H5N1-induced hypercytokemia plays a key role in acute lung injury, understanding its molecular mechanism is highly desirable for discovering therapeutic targets against H5N1 infection. In the present study, we investigated the role of autophagy in H5N1-induced lung inflammation by using H5N1 pseudotyped viral particles (H5N1pps).(More)
A combination of chemotherapy and photothermal therapy has emerged as a promising strategy for cancer therapy. To ensure the chemotherapeutic drug and photothermal agent could be simultaneously delivered to a tumor region to exert their synergistic effect, a safe and efficient delivery system is highly desirable. Herein, we fabricated doxorubicin (DOX) and(More)
Phototherapy, including photodynamic therapy (PDT) and photothermal therapy (PTT), is a light-activated local treatment modality that is under intensive preclinical and clinical investigations for cancer. To enhance the treatment efficiency of phototherapy and reduce the light-associated side effects, it is highly desirable to improve drug accumulation and(More)
Modern subunit vaccines with purified or recombinant antigens are important alternatives to the traditional vaccines. However, there remains a big challenge to elicit potent antibody production and CD8 T cell response. Nanoparticle-based antigen delivery systems have emerged as an innovative strategy to improve the efficacy of subunit vaccines. The present(More)
Indocyanine green (ICG) nanoparticles were developed via electrostatic interactions of ICG and dextran based block copolymers (PEG-dextran(-SS-NH2)) as near-infrared (NIR) theranostic nanoparticles. The nanoparticles could be activated from "OFF" to "ON" of NIR fluorescence in an intracellular environment and used for NIR imaging and photothermal therapy.