Yien Kwok

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The carotid body is an arterial chemoreceptor organ responsive to blood levels of pO2, pCOe and pH 13. The parenchymal tissue of the carotid body is composed mainly of two cell types: the glomus or Type I cells, which are disposed together in groups or glomeruli, and the sustentacular or Type II cells, which appear as glial-like elements enclosing the(More)
This paper describes the Virtual Learning Space (VLS) project, a multi-user, distance learning environment. It describes the historical background which led to the proposal for this project, as well as the educational requirements and the design cycle undertaken. Technical details about the implementation are discussed, including a description of the(More)
In the past few years, much attention has been paid to the development of miniaturized polymerase chain reaction (PCR) devices. After a continuous flow (CF) PCR chip was introduced, several CFPCR systems employing various pumping mechanisms were reported. However, the use of pumps increases cost and imposes a high requirement on microchip bonding integrity(More)
This paper reports a microchip with an integrated passive micromixer based on chaotic advection. The micromixer with staggered herringbone structures was used for luminol-peroxide chemiluminescence detection. The micromixer was examined to assess its suitability for chemiluminescence reaction. The relationship between the flow rate and the location of(More)
Joule heating generated by the electrical current in capillary electrophoresis leads to a temperature gradient along the separation channel and consequently affects the separation quality. We describe a method of reducing the Joule heating effect by incorporating photonic crystal fiber into a micro capillary electrophoresis chip. The photonic crystal fiber(More)
There is a growing interest in microstructured optical fibers (MOFs) for advanced sensors by infiltrating the air-holes with gas, liquid and polymers. The evanescent field overlap with infiltrations is enhanced compared with conventional fibers. The pure silica material is chemically and biologically inert, which well prevents the evaporation of water.(More)
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