Learn More
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Endemic renal insufficiency (RI) of unknown etiology is a major public health issue with high mortality in the Pacific coastal regions of Central America. We studied RI in León and Chinandega, Nicaragua, evaluating associations with known risk factors and hypothesized exposures. METHODS A cross-sectional survey was conducted with(More)
Antineutrophil cytoplasmic autoantibody (ANCA)-associated small-vessel vasculitis frequently affects the kidney. Here we describe the rates of infection, disease relapse, and death in patients with ANCA small-vessel vasculitis before and after end-stage renal disease (ESRD) in an inception cohort study and compare them to those of patients with preserved(More)
Anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody-associated (ANCA-associated) small vessel necrotizing vasculitis is caused by immune-mediated inflammation of the vessel wall and is diagnosed in some cases by the presence of myeloperoxidase-specific antibodies (MPO-ANCA). This multicenter study sought to determine whether differences in ANCA epitope specificity explain(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the usefulness of 3 currently used classification systems in predicting the outcomes of treatment resistance, disease relapse, end-stage renal disease (ESRD), and death in patients with antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitis (AAV). METHODS Three classification systems were applied to 502 patients with(More)
OBJECTIVES Pauci-immune glomerulonephritis is rare in African Americans (AA) and the clinical presentation and treatment outcomes of vasculitis have not been well described. METHODS We identified patients who were 2-92 years of age between 1983 and 2011 with a diagnosis of biopsy-proven pauci-immune glomerulonephritis (GN) at any point during their(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES The aims of this study were to determine the frequency of venous thromboembolic events in a large cohort of patients with idiopathic membranous nephropathy and to identify predisposing risk factors. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS We studied patients with biopsy-proven membranous nephropathy from the Glomerular(More)
Anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic autoantibody (ANCA) disease rarely occurs in African Americans and risk factors for the disease in this population are unknown. Here, we genotyped MHC class II alleles and found that, among African Americans, those with proteinase 3-ANCA (PR3-ANCA) had 73.3-fold higher odds of having HLA-DRB1*15 alleles than community-based(More)
OBJECTIVE The development of pathogenic antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (ANCAs) can result in systemic small vessel vasculitis. However, the breakdown in immune tolerance that results in the induction and persistence of ANCAs is not well understood. We undertook this study to test our hypothesis that abnormal T cell regulation is central to disease(More)
Lysosomal membrane protein 2 (LAMP-2) is a target of antineutrophil cytoplasmic autoantibodies (ANCA) in addition to the more commonly known targets proteinase 3 and myeloperoxidase. The prevalence of anti-LAMP-2 antibodies and their relationship to disease in ANCA glomerulonephritis are not well described. We measured anti-LAMP-2 reactivity in 680 sera(More)
Primary membranous nephropathy is associated with increased risk of venous thromboembolic events, which are inversely correlated with serum albumin levels. To evaluate the potential benefit of prophylactic anticoagulation (venous thromboembolic events prevented) relative to the risk (major bleeds), we constructed a Markov decision model. The venous(More)