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Experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) is a cell-mediated autoimmune disease that serves as an animal model for multiple sclerosis. Oral administration of myelin basic protein (MBP) suppresses EAE by inducing peripheral tolerance. T cell clones were isolated from the mesenteric lymph nodes of SJL mice that had been orally tolerized to MBP. These(More)
Oral administration of antigen is used to induce antigen-specific peripheral immune tolerance. As well as preventing systemic immune responses to ingested proteins, oral tolerance to autoantigens has also been used to suppress autoimmune diseases in animals and humans. Both active suppression and clonal anergy are suggested to be mechanisms of oral(More)
The nature of the initial interaction of dengue virus with target cells and the extent to which this interaction defines tropism are unknown. Infection of some cells may involve antidengue antibody-mediated immune adherence to cells bearing immunoglobulin Fc receptors; however, this mechanism does not explain primary infection or the infection of cells(More)
Angiotensin II (AngII) mediates progression of aortic aneurysm, but the relative contribution of its type 1 (AT1) and type 2 (AT2) receptors remains unknown. We show that loss of AT2 expression accelerates the aberrant growth and rupture of the aorta in a mouse model of Marfan syndrome (MFS). The selective AT1 receptor blocker (ARB) losartan abrogated(More)
Transforming growth factor-β (TGFβ) signaling drives aneurysm progression in multiple disorders, including Marfan syndrome (MFS), and therapies that inhibit this signaling cascade are in clinical trials. TGFβ can stimulate multiple intracellular signaling pathways, but it is unclear which of these pathways drives aortic disease and, when inhibited, which(More)
Experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) is a Th1-type cell-mediated autoimmune disease directed against central nervous system (CNS) myelin antigens such as myelin basic protein (MBP). EaE is usually characterized by spontaneous remission of clinical disease and immune pathology despite the persistence of self myelin antigens in the central nervous(More)
Fluorescence lifetime imaging measurements were made on intact avocado leaves (Persea americana Mill.) during the slow part of chlorophyll (Chl) a fluorescence transient, the P to S and the S to M phase. Contributions of lutein-epoxide and violaxanthin cycles operating in parallel on the ΔpH-dependent (transthylakoid H + concentration gradient) thermal(More)
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