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The ischemic threshold of protein synthesis and energy state was determined 1, 6, and 12 h after middle cerebral artery (MCA) occlusion in rats. Local blood flow and amino acid incorporation were measured by double tracer autoradiography, and local ATP content by substrate-induced bioluminescence. The various images were evaluated at the striatal level in(More)
Pre-B-cell colony-enhancing factor (PBEF) (also known as nicotinamide phosphoribosyltransferase) is a rate-limiting enzyme in the salvage pathway for mammalian biosynthesis of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD(+)). By synthesizing NAD(+), PBEF functions to maintain an energy supply that has critical roles in cell survival. Cerebral ischemia is a major(More)
The threshold of the relation between regional cerebral blood flow and regional cerebral protein synthesis was investigated in gerbils submitted to a 1-hour occlusion of the left common carotid artery. Blood flow was measured with [131I]iodoantipyrine and protein synthesis with [14C]leucine using double-tracer autoradiography and trichloroacetic acid(More)
We investigated the link between direct activation of inhibitory neurons, local neuronal activity, and hemodynamics. Direct optogenetic cortical stimulation in the sensorimotor cortex of transgenic mice expressing Channelrhodopsin-2 in GABAergic neurons (VGAT-ChR2) greatly attenuated spontaneous cortical spikes, but was sufficient to increase blood flow as(More)
Understanding the basis of brain function requires knowledge of cortical operations over wide-spatial scales, but also within the context of single neurons. In vivo, wide-field GCaMP imaging and sub-cortical/cortical cellular electrophysiology were used in mice to investigate relationships between spontaneous single neuron spiking and mesoscopic cortical(More)
Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium (S. Typhimurium) is a leading cause of foodborne illness worldwide. Over the past two decades, strains resistant to antibiotics have begun to emerge, highlighting the need for alternative treatment strategies such as bacteriophage therapy. Here, we present the complete genome of Mushroom, an S. Typhimurium myophage.
The effect of barbiturate treatment on post-ischemic cerebral protein biosynthesis was studied in gerbils subjected to 5 min transient occlusion of carotid arteries followed by 2 h or 48 h recirculation. Ischemia induced a remarkable decline of amino acid incorporation into brain proteins in most forebrain structures. The initial inhibition recovered to(More)
Relatively few studies have examined plasticity of inhibitory neuronal networks following stroke in vivo, primarily due to the inability to selectively monitor inhibition. We assessed the structure of parvalbumin (PV) interneurons during a 5 min period of global ischemia and reperfusion in mice, which mimicked cerebral ischemia during cardiac arrest or(More)
UNLABELLED Wide-field-of-view mesoscopic cortical imaging with genetically encoded sensors enables decoding of regional activity and connectivity in anesthetized and behaving mice; however, the kinetics of most genetically encoded sensors can be suboptimal for in vivo characterization of frequency bands higher than 1-3 Hz. Furthermore, existing sensors, in(More)
Stroke is the third leading cause of human death. Various models have been used to study the mechanisms of tissue damage and neuronal protection. Each model has its advantages and disadvantages. Middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAo), has been widely used, but produces large ischemic lesions of varying size, which is a disadvantage in the study of neuronal(More)