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Mixing double-hydrophilic block copolymers containing a poly(acrylic acid) block with gadolinium ions in water leads to the spontaneous formation of polymeric nanoparticles. With an average diameter near 20 nm, the nanoparticles are exceptionally stable, even after dilution and over a large range of pH and ionic strength. High magnetic relaxivities were(More)
Oligonucleotide modified gadolinium phosphate nanoparticles have been prepared and their magnetic resonance relaxivity properties measured. Nanoparticles of GdPO4·H2O were synthesized in a water/oil microemulsion using IGEPAL CO-520 as surfactant, resulting in 50 to 100 nm particles that are highly dispersible and stable in water. Using surface modification(More)
Raw and roasted cashew nut extracts were evaluated for protein modifications by mass spectrometry. Independent modifications on the Arg-111 residue of Ana o 3 were observed in roasted but not raw cashew nuts. The mass changes of 72.0064 or 53.9529 Da are consistent with the formation of carboxyethyl and hydroimidazolone modifications at the Arg-111 residue.(More)
BACKGROUND Food allergy negatively impacts quality of life and can be life-threatening. Cashew nuts can cause severe reactions in very small amounts, and they are included in a group of foods most commonly responsible for causing food allergy. Polyphenols and polyphenol-rich juices have been demonstrated to complex with peanut allergens. Here, the(More)
Hyperbranched polymers based on the poly(amidoamine), HyPAM, were used to synthesize gadolinium phosphate nanowires under mild conditions. Control of the average particle size was obtained by adjusting polymer concentration. Proton relaxivity measurements reveal an optimum particle size, reaching relaxivity values as high as 55 ± 9 mM(-1) s(-1) for r1 and(More)
Three different sizes of Eu0.2Gd0.8PO4·H2O nanoparticles have been prepared to investigate the particle size influence on water proton relaxivity. Longitudinal relaxivity (r1) values increase for smaller particles, reaching as high as r1 = 6.13 mM(-1) s(-1) for a sample of 40 ± 4 nm particles, which, with a ratio of transverse/longitudinal relaxivity, r2/r1(More)
A one-step synthesis of Prussian blue nanoparticles possessing a concentration gradient of Gd3+ counterions, g-Gd-PB, has been developed, and the potential for the particles to perform as both MRI positive contrast agents and photothermal therapy agents is demonstrated. The synthesis of potassium/gadolinium ironhexacyanoferrate is performed under increasing(More)
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