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INTRODUCTION Socioeconomic status may influence childhood obesity prevalence and children's fitness level. The purpose of this study was to assess the association between family income and children's physical fitness level and obesity prevalence for 8 racial/ethnic groups. METHODS Data for 1,617,400 fifth-, seventh-, and ninth-grade children who took a(More)
BACKGROUND Consumption of low-calorie sweeteners (LCSs) has increased markedly during the past several decades, yet the prevalence of LCS consumption in recent years is currently unknown. OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to describe LCS consumption in the United States and to characterize consumption by sociodemographic subgroups, source, frequency,(More)
This paper presents a simple strategy for perception-action of robots in indoor environments using Hierarchical Temporal Memory which is the theory of modeling the rationale of the neocortex. The main idea of the present study is that the input of the HTM network is images of objects that robot perceives in environment, and the output of HTM network is(More)
Bio-inspired mapping methods have started a new trend in the robotics navigation area. In this paper, we propose a new map building framework based on the neocortex model: Hierarchical Temporary Memory (HTM). HTM has tree-shaped hierarchical structure and demonstrates structural and algorithmic properties of the human brain neocortex. We first treat the(More)
BACKGROUND The prevalence of any child sexual abuse (CSA) experience before the age of 16 years ranges from 10.2 to 35.2% in China,1-5 but there has been no research so far exploring the level of awareness of CSA prevention and self-protection skills among Chinese children with hearing loss. OBJECTIVE The school based survey examines the CSA prevention(More)
South Asians, a fast growing ethnic group in the US, have an increased risk for cardiovascular disease compared to the general population. We examined the prevalence and distribution of the American Heart Association's Life's Simple 7 cardiovascular health (CVH) metrics using data from Mediators of Atherosclerosis in South Asians Living in America (MASALA)(More)
To examine the level of child sexual abuse prevention knowledge and skills in a sample of school-aged children, a total of 559 children from first to fifth grade were recruited from one primary school in Beijing, China. Participants were asked to finish a questionnaire surveying their knowledge and skills of child sexual abuse prevention. Results showed(More)
Background Age related decline in physical function is a significant concern affecting the quality of life of older individuals. Methods We examined the associations between baseline overall cardiovascular health (CVH), its components, and physical function in 906 men and women from the InCHIANTI cohort. Physical function was assessed using the Short(More)
Background The purpose of this study was to determine the joint associations of sedentary time and physical activity with mobility disability in older age. Methods We analyzed prospective data from 134,269 participants in the National Institutes of Health (NIH)-American Association of Retired Persons (NIH-AARP) Diet and Health Study between 1995-1996 and(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to assess the associations between cardiovascular health and all-cause and cardiovascular disease mortality among community-dwelling elderly. METHOD Secondary data analysis was performed using data collected as part of the InCHIANTI cohort procedures and included 928 participants (55% female) aged 65 years and(More)