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Properties of objects and spatial relations between objects play an important role in rulebased approaches for high-level vision. The partial presence or absence of such properties and relationships can supply both positive and negative evidence for region labeling hypotheses. Similarly, fuzzy labeling of a region can generate new hypotheses pertaining to(More)
It is important to understand the status and extent of soil contamination with trace elements to make sustainable management strategies for agricultural soils. The inputs of trace elements to agricultural soils via atmospheric deposition, livestock manures, fertilizers and agrochemicals, sewage irrigation and sewage sludge in China were analyzed and an(More)
The critical value of soil Olsen-P is the point above which the probability of crop yield response to fertilizer P is small or nil. Determining this critical value is fundamental when making appropriate P fertilizer recommendations. In this study, the critical values were determined for continuous maize (Zea mays L.)-winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.)(More)
A pot trial was conducted to assess the efficiency of P-induced metal immobilization in soils. Natural hydroxyapatite (HA), phosphate rock (PR), triple-superphosphate (TSP), and diammonium phosphate (DAP) were evaluated for their ability to reduce cadmium (Cd), lead (Pb), and zinc (Zn) bioavailability in an artificially metal-contaminated soil with three(More)
The effect of pH on the acute toxicity of Cu to barley (Hordeum vulgare) root elongation was investigated in solution culture. The results showed that the median effective concentrations (EC50s; i.e., the concentration that reduced root elongation by 50% based on free Cu(2+) activity) were not significantly different in the low-pH range from 4.5 to 6.5, but(More)
Nutrient inputs into crop production systems through fertilisation have come under increased scrutiny in recent years because of reduced nutrient use efficiency and increased environmental impact. Fifteen years of experimental data on dynamics of N, P and K in soil, crop yield and nutrient uptake from nine fertilisation treatments at Zhengzhou, North China(More)
Insulin-like growth factor-II mRNA-binding protein 3 (IMP3) has been recently identified as a marker of aggressive behavior in several types of tumors. The aim of the present study was to detect the expression of the IMP3 protein in colorectal adenocarcinoma (CRA) and to identify a correlation with the clinicopathological features of the disease. IMP3 was(More)
The relationships developed between soil properties and phytotoxicity threshold values for copper require validation in a wide range of soils with different properties and climate characteristics before they can be applied for regulatory purposes in countries throughout the world. Seventeen soils, which are representative of the major soil types and(More)
Natural attenuation of metals added to soils refers to the processes by which the mobility and bioavailability/toxicity of the added metals decline with time. In this paper, we used isotopic dilution techniques to investigate the short-term (30 d) natural attenuation of Cu added to 19 European soils at two effective concentrations shown to inhibit plant(More)
The effects of selected cations and pH on the acute toxicity of copper (Cu) to barley root elongation were investigated to develop an appropriate biotic ligand model (BLM). The results showed that increasing activities of Mg(2+) and Ca(2+), but not Na(+) and K(+), linearly increased the EC50 (as Cu(2+) activity). Unchanged EC50 at solution pH less than 6.5(More)