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Mouse models of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) have been commonly used in many laboratories for studying molecular mechanisms of AAA formation and development, as well as for testing novel therapeutic agents in the treatment of AAA. However, because of the small size of the animal, the quantification and characterization of AAA development and progress is(More)
Angiotensin II (ANG II) promotes vascular inflammation through nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB)-mediated induction of pro-inflammatory genes. The role of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) in modulating vascular inflammation and atherosclerosis in vivo is unclear. The aim of the present study was to examine the effects of ANG II on PPARs(More)
We have previously demonstrated that urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA) is highly expressed in the aneurysmal segment of the abdominal aorta (AAA) in apolipoprotein E-deficient (apoE-/-) mice treated with angiotensin II (Ang II). In the present study, we tested the hypothesis that uPA is essential for AAA formation in this model. An osmotic minipump(More)
Endothelial dysfunction is a hallmark of, and plays a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of cardiometabolic diseases, including type II diabetes, obesity, and hypertension. It has been well established that epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs) act as an endothelial derived hyperpolarization factor (EDHF). Soluble epoxide hydrolase (s-EH) rapidly hydrolyses(More)
The present study tested the hypothesis that murine (m)IFN-beta or mIFN-alpha(2) can eliminate cardiac viral load and protect cardiomyocytes from injury in animals infected with coxsackievirus B3 (CVB3). CVB3-inoculated male Balb/c mice exhibited signs of illness, including lethargy, progressive weight loss, and death (10% on day 3 and 100% on day 8).(More)
OBJECTIVE Angiotensin II (Ang II) promotes vascular inflammation, accelerates atherosclerosis, and induces abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). These changes were associated with activation of nuclear factor (NF)-kappaB-mediated induction of proinflammatory genes. The incidence of AAA in this model was higher in male than in female mice, and the vascular(More)
Several years ago, the authors reported that aortic flow velocity under resting conditions was significantly higher in apolipoprotein E knockout (apoE-KO) mice than in age-matched C57Black/6J wildtype (WT) controls. The goal of this study was to examine whether the cardiac functional reserve is impacted in response to a pharmacological stress agent in(More)
BACKGROUND We explored the role of angiotensin II in determining the histomorphometric features of plaque stability in apolipoprotein E-deficient mice submitted to ligation of the carotid artery. METHODS Six-month-old apolipoprotein E-deficient mice underwent ligation of the common left carotid artery and were immediately assigned to receive either(More)
During thrombosis, P-selectin is expressed on the surface of activated endothelial cells and platelets. We hypothesized that targeting a plasminogen activator (PA) to P-selectin would enhance local thrombolysis and reduce bleeding risk. Previously, a urokinase (uPA)/anti-P-selectin antibody (HuSZ51) fusion protein was shown to increase fibrinolysis in a(More)
Accumulating evidence demonstrates that measures of vascular compliance correlate with endothelial function in animal models and patients with cardiovascular, metabolic, and kidney diseases. Nitric oxide modulates not only endothelial function, but also vascular compliance. Disruption of normal endothelial function may, at least partially, be responsible(More)