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Many fish undergo betanodavirus infection. To study the infection process of dragon grouper nervous necrosis virus (DGNNV), native virus and virus-like particles (VLPs) were used to analyse the binding and internalization in SSN-1 cells. The binding of DGNNV and VLPs to SSN-1 cells was demonstrated using Western blotting and immunofluorescence microscopy.(More)
AIM Prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)) is considered to be an important mediator of tissue destruction in periodontitis. The cyclooxygenase (COX) catalyses the production of PGs. COX-2, which is induced in an inflammatory response, is responsible for PGs synthesis at sites of inflammation. A single nucleotide polymorphism of COX-2(-765) has been shown to alter the(More)
Piscine betanodavirus possesses a bipartite genome of single-stranded (+)RNAs. RNA2 cDNA of dragon grouper nervous necrosis virus (DGNNV) has been expressed previously to form virus-like particles (VLPs), which are highly similar to the native virion. Experiments with calcium-chelating or reducing/oxidizing reagents showed that the DGNNV VLPs required only(More)
In mammals, a distinct RNA polymerase II form, RNAPII(G) contains a novel subunit Gdown1 (encoded by POLR2M), which represses gene activation, only to be reversed by the multisubunit Mediator co-activator. Here, we employed single-particle cryo-electron microscopy (cryo-EM) to disclose the architectures of RNAPII(G), RNAPII and RNAPII in complex with the(More)
AIM Matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-8 is a protease that degrades numerous extracellular molecules and has been implicated in the pathogenesis of periodontitis. Polymorphism in the MMP-8 could affect the susceptibility to disease. Our aim was to evaluate the association between periodontitis and MMP-8 -799 C>T polymorphism. MATERIAL AND METHODS Genomic DNA(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the impact of oral health behaviours and oral habits on the number of remaining teeth in older Taiwanese dentate adults. SUBJECTS AND METHODS Subjects comprised dentate patients (mean age, 60.0 ± 9.9 years) in Taiwan. Information on demographic data, oral health behaviours, oral habits and self-perceived health status was collected via(More)
OBJECTIVE To study the infection rate, epidemiological features of Far-East tick-borne spotted fever in the Northeastern area of China and to provide evidence for prevention and control. METHODS Nine cities from the three Northeastern provinces were chosen. Human serum, rat, serum, free tick sample as well as blood from suspected patients were determined(More)
BACKGROUND Plasma levels of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) are different before and after periodontal treatment. Asians and Westerners have significantly different baseline levels of plasma PUFAs. However, no Asian study has reported the effects of nonsurgical treatment on the correlation between periodontal condition and plasma levels of PUFAs. We(More)
BACKGROUND Human periodontal diseases are inflammatory disorders that are the result of complex interactions between periodontopathogens and the host's immune response. Two important and interrelated factors are involved in the pathophysiological progression of periodontal diseases, i.e. the activation of immune system and the production of oxygen radicals(More)
BACKGROUND The development of chronic periodontitis (CP) is a multifactorial process and variation in severity cannot be explained by just a few risk factors. The aims of this study were: 1) to explore the lifestyle and psychosocial factors of CP patients and 2) to estimate the proportion of total CP cases attributable to one or more risk factors(More)