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The significant promoting effects of some prenylflavonoids on cardiac differentiation of mouse embryonic stem (ES) cells via reactive oxygen species (ROS) signaling pathway were investigated. The most effective differentiation was facilitated by icariin (ICA), followed by icaritin (ICT), while desmethylicaritin (DICT) displayed the weakest but still(More)
Peroxynitrite contributes to diverse cellular stresses in the pathogenesis of ischemic complications. Here, we investigate the downstream effector signaling elements of nitrosative stress which regulate ischemia-like cell death in endothelial cells and protective effect of melatonin. When the mitochondrial membrane potential (ΔΨm) of oxygen-glucose(More)
Clinical epidemiology has indicated that the endothelial injury is a potential contributor to the pathogenesis of ischemic neurovascular damage. In this report, we assessed S-nitrosylation and nitration of Keap1 to identify downstream nitric oxide redox signaling targets into endothelial cells during ischemia. Here, oxygen-glucose deprivation (OGD) exposure(More)
We previously reported that treatment of icariin could significantly induce cardiomyocyte differentiation of murine embryonic stem (ES) cells in vitro. In the present study, the exact activity initiated by icariin was further confirmed and the underlying molecular mechanism was investigated. We found that cardiomyocyte differentiation was efficiently(More)
AIM To investigate the possible inducible effects of icariin, icaritin, and desmethylicaritin on the directional differentiation of embryonic stem (ES) cells into cardiomyocytes in vitro. METHODS ES cells were cultivated as embryoid bodies (EBs) in hanging drops with icariin, icaritin, or desmethylicaritin. ES cells treated with retinoic acid and with(More)
Icariin, icaritin and desmethylicaritin are constituents of Epimedium with a similar structure to genistein and daidzein. Using the modified MCF-7 cell proliferation assay (E-SCREEN assessment system), these compounds were tested for their estrogen-like activities. Icaritin and desmethylicaritin, but not icariin, strongly stimulated the proliferation of(More)
BACKGROUND Hepatic ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury is an important clinical issue and relates to cysteinyl leukotrienes (LTs), the first committed synthesis step of which is that LTC4 synthesis enzymes including leukotriene C4 synthase (LTC4S), microsomal glutathione-S-transferase (mGST)2, and mGST3-catalyzed LTA4 and reduced glutathione (GSH), to(More)
BACKGROUND Tight junction protein degradation is a principal characteristic of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) damage that occurs during brain ischemia. AIMS We investigated the mechanisms of occludin degradation that underlie permanent middle cerebral artery occlusion (pMCAO) in rats. METHODS AND RESULTS Western blot and Co-immunoprecipitation data(More)
The pathophysiological relevance of S-nitrosoglutathione (GSNO)-induced endothelial cell injury remains unclear. The main objective of this study was to elucidate the molecular mechanisms of GSNO-induced oxidative stress in endothelial cells. Morphological evaluation through DAPI staining and propidium iodide (PI) flow cytometry was used to detect(More)
Brassinolide is a plant sterol first isolated from pollen of rape (Brassica napus L.). The present study was carried out to investigate the effect of brassinolide on androgen-independent human prostate cancer PC-3 cell viability. Results showed that brassinolide could induce a time and concentration-dependent cytotoxicity in PC-3 cells. The mode of cell(More)