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It was previously shown that a one-dimensional Ising model could successfully simulate the equilibrium binding of myosin S1 to regulated actin filaments (T. L. Hill, E. Eisenberg and L. Greene, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 77:3186-3190, 1980). However, the time course of myosin S1 binding to regulated actin was thought to be incompatible with this model,(More)
Skeletal and cardiac muscle contraction are inhibited by the actin-associated complex of tropomyosin-troponin. Binding of Ca(2+) to troponin or binding of ATP-free myosin to actin reverses this inhibition. Ca(2+) and ATP-free myosin stabilize different tropomyosin-actin structural arrangements. The position of tropomyosin on actin affects the binding of(More)
A kinetic model for insulin secretion in pancreatic beta-cells is adapted from a model for fast exocytosis in chromaffin cells. The fusion of primed granules with the plasma membrane is assumed to occur only in the "microdomain" near voltage-sensitive L-type Ca(2+)-channels, where [Ca(2+)] can reach micromolar levels. In contrast, resupply and priming of(More)
In an earlier paper which models the cell-cell (or virus-cell) fusion complex as two partial spherical vesicles joined at a narrow neck (Rubin, R. J., and Yi-der Chen. 1990. Biophys. J. 58:1157-1167), the redistribution by diffusion of lipid-like molecules through the neck between the two fused cell surfaces was studied. In this paper, we extend the study(More)
The motility assay of K. Visscher, M. J. Schnitzer, and S. M. Block (Nature, 400:184-189, 1999) in which the movement of a bead powered by a single kinesin motor can be measured is a very useful tool in characterizing the force-dependent steps of the mechanochemical cycle of kinesin motors, because in this assay the external force applied to the bead can be(More)
The transient behavior of muscle in double-or multiple-step length perturbations [Lombardi, V., Piazzesi, G. & Linari, M. (1992) Nature (London) 355, 638-641] is simulated with a "conventional" cross-bridge model, which has been reported [Eisenberg, E., Hill, T. L. & Chen, Y. (1980) Biophys. J. 29, 195-227] to account for many mechanical, as well as(More)
Flow through thin-wall axisymmetric tubes has long been of interest to physiologists. Analysis is complicated by the fact that such tubes will collapse when the transmural pressure (internal minus external pressure) is near zero. Because of the absence of any body of related knowledge in other sciences or engineering, previous workers have directed their(More)
The actin binding protein caldesmon inhibits the actin-activation of myosin ATPase activity. The steps in the cycle of ATP hydrolysis that caldesmon could inhibit include: (1) the binding of myosin to actin, (2) the transition between any two actin-myosin states and (3) the distribution between inactive and active states of actin. The analysis of these(More)
Binding of caldesmon to actin causes a decrease in the quantity of bound myosin and results in a reduction in the rate of actin-activated adenosine triphosphate hydrolysis. It is generally assumed that the binding of caldesmon and myosin to actin is a pure competitive interaction. However, recent binding studies of enzyme digested caldesmon subfragments(More)