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Deep Neural Networks (DNNs) have recently outperformed traditional object recognition algorithms on multiple large-scale datasets, such as ImageNet. However, the model trained on ImageNet fails on recognising the sketches, because the data source is dominated by photos and all kinds of sketches are roughly labelled as 'cartoon' rather than their own(More)
Sketch recognition aims to automatically classify human hand sketches of objects into known categories. This has become increasingly a desirable capability due to recent advances in human computer interaction on portable devices. The problem is nontrivial because of the sparse and abstract nature of hand drawings as compared to photographic images of(More)
Matching face images across different modalities is a challenging open problem for various reasons, notably feature heterogeneity, and particularly in the case of sketch recognition – abstraction, exaggeration and distortion. Existing studies have attempted to address this task by engineering invariant features, or learning a common subspace between the(More)
Sketch-based image retrieval (SBIR) is a challenging task due to the ambiguity inherent in sketches when compared with photos. In this paper, we propose a novel convolutional neural network based on Siamese network for SBIR. The main idea is to pull output feature vectors closer for input sketch-image pairs that are labeled as similar, and push them away if(More)
We present a probabilistic approach for the automatic production of tree models with convincing 3D appearance and motion. The only input is a video of a moving tree that provides us an initial dynamic tree model, which is used to generate new individual trees of the same type. Our approach combines global and local constraints to construct a dynamic 3D tree(More)
We introduce a simple but versatile camera model that we call the rational tensor camera (RTcam). RTcams are well principled mathematically and provably subsume several important contemporary camera models in both computer graphics and vision; their generality is one contribution. They can be used alone or compounded to produce more complicated visual(More)
This paper shows that classifying shapes is a tool useful in nonphotorealistic rendering (NPR) from photographs. Our classifier inputs regions from an image segmentation hierarchy and outputs the "best” fitting simple shape such as a circle, square, or triangle. Other approaches to NPR have recognized the benefits of segmentation, but none have(More)
Many segmentation algorithms describe images in terms of a hierarchy of regions. Although such hierarchies can produce state of the art segmentations and have many applications, they often contain more data than is required for an efficient description. This paper shows Laplacian graph energy is a generic measure that can be used to identify semantic(More)
Free-hand sketch recognition has become increasingly popular due to the recent expansion of portable touchscreen devices. However, the problem is non-trivial due to the complexity of internal structures that leads to intra-class variations, coupled with the sparsity in visual cues that results in inter-class ambiguities. In order to address the structural(More)