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Procedures were developed for the simultaneous determination of glyphosate [N-(phosphonomethyl)glycine] and glufosinate [dl-homoalanin-4-yl-(methyl)phosphinic acid] and their major metabolites, aminomethylphosphonic acid (AMPA) and 3-(methylphosphinico)propionic acid (3-MPPA), in rice and soybean sprouts by gas chromatography (GC) equipped with a pulsed(More)
Fractionation of an acetone extract from the fruits of Schisandra arisanensis afforded five new nortriterpene lactones, compounds 1-5, together with four known compounds, schindilactones D and E (6 and 7) and preschisanartanins A and B (8 and 9). Compound 1, a wuweiziartane-type nortriterpenoid, possesses a new type of fused ring system with a gamma-lactone(More)
An acetone extract of the fruits of the Taiwanese medicinal plant Schisandra arisanensis has yielded 11 new oxygenated lignans. Four of these, named arisantetralones A-D (1-4), possess the aryltetralone skeleton, while the other seven, named arisanschinins F-L (5-11), are polyoxygenated C(18)-dibenzocyclooctadiene lignans. Structures were determined on the(More)
Doxorubicin is an anticancer drug used in a wide range of cancer therapies; however, doxorubicin-induced drug resistance is one of the most serious obstacles of cancer chemotherapy. Recent studies have indicated that reduced oxidative stress levels in cancer cells induce drug resistance. However, the redox-modifications of resistance - associated cellular(More)
Glutathione reductase (GR), a cytosolic protein, plays a vital role in maintaining a correct redox status in cells. However, comprehensive investigations of GR-modulated cellular responses, including protein level alteration and redox regulation, have yet to be performed. In this study, we cultured a human lung adenocarcinoma line transfected with empty(More)
Down syndrome is one of the most frequent chromosomal disorders, with a prevalence of approximately 1/500 to 1/800, depending on the maternal age distribution of the pregnant population. However, few reliable protein biomarkers have been used in the diagnosis of this disease. Recent progress in quantitative proteomics has offered opportunities to discover(More)
Mitochondria are key organelles in mammary cells in responsible for a number of cellular functions including cell survival and energy metabolism. Moreover, mitochondria are one of the major targets under doxorubicin treatment. In this study, low-abundant mitochondrial proteins were enriched for proteomic analysis with the state-of-the-art two-dimensional(More)
Retinopathy has been observed in around quarter of diabetic patients. Diabetic retinopathy can result in poor vision and even blindness since high glucose has been evidenced to weaken retinal capillary leading to leakage of blood into the surrounding space. In the present study, a proteomics-based approach has been applied to analyze a model retinal(More)
There is growing attention to the importance of violence risk communication, and emerging empirical evidence of how evaluating clinicians who conduct risk assessments communicate their conclusions about the risk of violence toward others. The present study addressed the perceived value of different forms of risk communication through a national survey of(More)
We present an electronic tongue system composed of an analog front-end (AFE) with embedded calibration and temperature compensation for interfacing with an array of Ion-Sensitive FETs (ISFETs) or Enzyme – Extended Gate FETs (EEGFET). The AFE consists of a floating bridge type constant voltage constant current (CVCC) structure, and transmission gates as(More)