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Facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy (FSHD) is an autosomal dominant disorder linked to contractions of the D4Z4 repeat array in the subtelomeric region of chromosome 4q. By comparing genome-wide gene expression data from muscle biopsies of patients with FSHD to those of 11 other neuromuscular disorders, paired-like homeodomain transcription factor 1(More)
The neuromuscular disorder facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy (FSHD) results from integral deletions of the subtelomeric repeat D4Z4 on chromosome 4q. A disruption of chromatin structure affecting gene expression is thought to underlie the pathophysiology. The global gene expression profiling of mature muscle tissue presented here provides the first(More)
Mutations of lamin A/C (LMNA) cause a wide range of human disorders, including progeria, lipodystrophy, neuropathies and autosomal dominant Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy (EDMD). EDMD is also caused by X-linked recessive loss-of-function mutations of emerin, another component of the inner nuclear lamina that directly interacts with LMNA. One model for(More)
Disuse atrophy is a common clinical phenomenon that significantly impacts muscle function and activities of daily living. The purpose of this study was to implement genome-wide expression profiling to identify transcriptional pathways associated with muscle remodeling in a clinical model of disuse. Skeletal muscle biopsies were acquired from the medial(More)
This paper presents a HMM-based methodology for action recogni-tion using star skeleton as a representative descriptor of human posture. Star skeleton is a fast skeletonization technique by connecting from centroid of target object to contour extremes. To use star skeleton as feature for action recognition, we clearly define the fea-ture as a(More)
OBJECTIVE The etiology and pathogenesis of human inflammatory myopathies remain unclear. Findings of several studies suggest that the degree of inflammation does not correlate consistently with the severity of clinical disease or of structural changes in the muscle fibers, indicating that nonimmune pathways may contribute to the pathogenesis of myositis.(More)
OBJECTIVE To identify stage-specific induction of molecular pathology pathways in Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). METHODS We performed mRNA profiling using muscles from fetopsies, infants (aged 8 to 10 months), and symptomatic patients (aged 5 to 12 years) with DMD, and age- and sex-matched controls. We performed immunohistochemistry to determine(More)
MOTIVATION The most commonly utilized microarrays for mRNA profiling (Affymetrix) include 'probe sets' of a series of perfect match and mismatch probes (typically 22 oligonucleotides per probe set). There are an increasing number of reported 'probe set algorithms' that differ in their interpretation of a probe set to derive a single normalized 'signal'(More)
Resistance training using lengthening (eccentric) contractions induces greater increases in muscle size than shortening (concentric) contractions, but the underlying molecular mechanisms are not clear. Using temporal expression profiling, we compared changes in gene expression within 24 h of an acute bout of each type of contractions conducted(More)
We provide a systematic study of the sources of variability in expression profiling data using 56 RNAs isolated from human muscle biopsies (34 Affymetrix MuscleChip arrays), and 36 murine cell culture and tissue RNAs (42 Affymetrix U74Av2 arrays). We studied muscle biopsies from 28 human subjects as well as murine myogenic cell cultures, muscle, and(More)