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A five-gene cluster, tolCSm-pcm-smeRo-smeO-smeP, of Stenotrophomonas maltophilia was characterized. The presence of smeOP and smeRo-pcm-tolCSm operons was verified by reverse transcription (RT)-PCR. Both operons were negatively regulated by the TetR-type transcriptional regulator SmeRo, as demonstrated by quantitative RT-PCR and a promoter-fusion assay.(More)
OBJECTIVES To characterize the emrRCABsm operon of Stenotrophomonas maltophilia. METHODS The presence of the emrRCABsm operon was verified by RT-PCR. The regulatory role of EmrRsm was investigated by ΔemrRsm mutant construction and promoter transcriptional fusion assay. A susceptibility test was employed to assess the substrate spectrum of the EmrCABsm(More)
Two ampD homologues, ampD(I) and ampD(II), of Stenotrophomonas maltophilia have been cloned and analyzed. Comparative genomic analysis revealed that the genomic context of the ampD(II) genes is quite different, whereas that of the ampD(I) genes is more conserved in S. maltophilia strains. The ampD system of S. maltophilia is distinct from that of the(More)
AmpG is an inner membrane permease which transports products of murein sacculus degradation from the periplasm into the cytosol in Gram-negative bacteria. This process is linked to induction of the chromosomal ampC beta-lactamase gene in some members of the Enterobacteriaceae and in Pseudomonas aeruginosa. In this study, the ampG homologue of(More)
OBJECTIVES To characterize the relationship between inactivation of the mrcA gene and β-lactamase expression and β-lactams resistance in Stenotrophomonas maltophilia KJ and to investigate the involvement of ampR, ampN-ampG, ampD(I) and creBC in this. METHODS The mrcA deletion mutant KJΔmrcA was constructed to investigate the role of this putative(More)
OBJECTIVES To characterize a five gene cluster, macRS-macABCsm, in Stenotrophomonas maltophilia. METHODS The presence of macABCsm operon was verified by RT-PCR. The substrate spectrum of the MacABCsm efflux pump was investigated by mutant construction and susceptibility testing. The physiological role of MacABCsm was assessed by comparing the growth of(More)
DNA cytosine methylation is a central epigenetic modification which plays critical roles in cellular processes including genome regulation, development and disease. Here, we review current and emerging microarray and next-generation sequencing based technologies that enhance our knowledge of DNA methylation profiling. Each methodology has limitations and(More)
BACKGROUND Fusaric acid (5-butylpicolinic acid), a mycotoxin, is noxious to some microorganisms. Stenotrophomonas maltophilia displays an intrinsic resistance to fusaric acid. This study aims to elucidate the mechanism responsible for the intrinsic fusaric acid resistance in S. maltophilia. METHODOLOGY A putative fusaric acid resistance-involved regulon(More)
Stenotrophomonas maltophilia is known to produce at least two chromosomal-mediated inducible beta-lactamases, L1 and L2. Gene L2, which encodes a class A beta-lactamase, and the adjacent ampR gene form an ampR-class A beta-lactamase module. L1 belongs to the class B beta-lactamase and has no neighbor ampR-like regulatory gene. In this study, the ampR-L2(More)
One of the key features of keloid is its fibroblasts migrating beyond the original wound border. During migration, cells not only undergo molecular changes but also mechanical modulation. This process is led by actin filaments serving as the backbone of intra-cellular force and transduces external mechanical signal via focal adhesion complex into the cell.(More)