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The new write constraints of multi-level cell (MLC) NAND flash memory make most of the existing flash translation layer (FTL) schemes inefficient or inapplicable. In this paper, we solve several fundamental problems in the design of MLC flash translation layer. The objective is to reduce the garbage collection overhead so as to reduce the average system(More)
BACKGROUND Recent studies suggest that anhedonia, an inability to experience pleasure, can be measured as an enduring trait in non-clinical samples. In order to examine trait anhedonia in a non-clinical sample, we examined the properties of a range of widely used questionnaires capturing anhedonia. METHODS 887 young adults were recruited from colleges.(More)
Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have recently identified KIF1B as susceptibility locus for hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). To further identify novel susceptibility loci associated with HBV-related HCC and replicate the previously reported association, we performed a large three-stage GWAS in the Han Chinese population.(More)
Difficulties in feeling pleasure and expressing emotions are one of the key features of schizophrenia spectrum conditions, and are significant contributors to constricted interpersonal interactions. The current study examined the experience of pleasure and emotional expression in college students who demonstrated high and low levels of schizotypal(More)
In this article, we focus on solving the energy optimization problem for real-time streaming applications on multiprocessor System-on-Chip by combining task-level coarse-grained software pipelining with DVS (Dynamic Voltage Scaling) and DPM (Dynamic Power Management) considering transition overhead, inter-core communication and discrete voltage levels. We(More)
The increasing capacity of NAND flash memory leads to large RAM footprint on address mapping in the Flash Translation Layer (FTL) design. This paper proposes a novel Demand-based block-level Address mapping scheme with two-level Caching mechanism (DAC) for large-scale NAND flash storage systems. The objective is to reduce RAM footprint without sacrificing(More)
Phase change memory (PCM) has been used as NOR flash replacement in embedded systems with its attractive features. However, the endurance of PCM keeps drifting down and greatly limits its adoption in embedded systems. As most embedded systems are application-oriented, we can better utilize PCM by exploring application-specific features such as fixed access(More)