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We describe the Phase II HapMap, which characterizes over 3.1 million human single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) genotyped in 270 individuals from four geographically diverse populations and includes 25-35% of common SNP variation in the populations surveyed. The map is estimated to capture untyped common variation with an average maximum r2 of between(More)
With the advent of dense maps of human genetic variation, it is now possible to detect positive natural selection across the human genome. Here we report an analysis of over 3 million polymorphisms from the International HapMap Project Phase 2 (HapMap2). We used 'long-range haplotype' methods, which were developed to identify alleles segregating in a(More)
Urban sensing, participatory sensing, and user activity recognition can provide rich contextual information for mobile applications such as social networking and location-based services. However, continuously capturing this contextual information on mobile devices consumes huge amount of energy. In this paper, we present a novel design framework for an(More)
Frequent itemset mining (FIM) is a useful tool for discovering frequently co-occurrent items. Since its inception, a number of significant FIM algorithms have been developed to speed up mining performance. Unfortunately, when the dataset size is huge, both the memory use and computational cost can still be prohibitively expensive. In this work, we propose(More)
Potassium is an essential mineral element for plant growth and development. Although it is known that plants absorb and transport K+ through membrane transporters, it remains unclear how these transporters are regulated. Here we show that the protein kinase CIPK23, encoded by the LKS1 gene, regulates K+ uptake under low-K+ conditions. Lesion of LKS1(More)
We show that an end-to-end deep learning approach can be used to recognize either English or Mandarin Chinese speech–two vastly different languages. Because it replaces entire pipelines of hand-engineered components with neural networks , end-to-end learning allows us to handle a diverse variety of speech including noisy environments, accents and different(More)
This paper presents PLDA, our parallel implementation of Latent Dirich-let Allocation on MPI and MapReduce. PLDA smooths out storage and computation bottlenecks and provides fault recovery for lengthy distributed computations. We show that PLDA can be applied to large, real-world applications and achieves good scalability. We have released MPI-PLDA to open(More)
In this paper, we have proposed a fingerprint orientation model based on 2D Fourier expansions (FOMFE) in the phase plane. The FOMFE does not require prior knowledge of singular points (SPs). It is able to describe the overall ridge topology seamlessly, including the SP regions, even for noisy fingerprints. Our statistical experiments on a public database(More)
— The IEEE 802.11p Wireless Access in Vehicular Environment (WAVE) protocol providing for vehicle-to-infrastructure and vehicle-to-vehicle radio communication is currently under standardization. We provide an NS-2 simulation study of the proposed IEEE 802.11p MAC protocol focusing on vehicle-to-infrastructure communication. We show that the specified MAC(More)