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BACKGROUND Schizophrenia is a heterogeneous disorder with diverse presentations. The current and the proposed DSM-V diagnostic system remains phenomenologically based, despite the fact that several neurobiological and neuropsychological markers have been identified. A multivariate approach has better diagnostic utility than a single marker method. In this(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the psychometric properties of a shortened version of the baseline ASI-5, the ASI-L-VA. METHOD Two samples were recruited from intensive outpatient treatment and a methadone maintenance clinic. For Sample A (n=145), two versions of the Addiction Severity Index (i.e., ASI-5 and ASI-L-VA) were administered several days apart in(More)
OBJECTIVE To explore the risk predictors for complex sleep-related behaviors (CSBs) in subjects with a DSM-IV-diagnosed depressive disorder, anxiety disorder, adjustment disorder, somatoform disorder, or sleep disorder taking hypnosedative drugs. METHOD One hundred twenty-five subjects using hypnosedatives were enrolled from the psychiatric outpatient(More)
Aberrant DNA hypermethylation is frequently found in tumor cells and inhibition of DNA methylation is an effective anticancer strategy. In this study, the therapeutic effect of DNA methyltransferase (DNMT) inhibitor zebularine (Zeb) on colorectal cancer (CRC) was investigated. Zeb exhibited anticancer activity in cell cultures, tumor xenografts and mouse(More)
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a common functional disorder of the gastrointestinal system, and is characterized by abdominal pain, diarrhea (IBS/D), constipation (IBS/C), and alternating diarrhea and constipation (IBSC/A). The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of a four week kiwifruit intervention on bowel function in patients diagnosed(More)
Recent investigations indicate that epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG), the major polyphenol of green tea, has anti-inflammatory properties. This study assessed the effect of EGCG on oncostatin M (OSM)-induced synthesis of cysteine-rich 61 (Cyr61), a potential osteolytic mediator, in MG-63 human osteoblastic cells. The therapeutic effect of EGCG in apical(More)
Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is an important endemic disease in Taiwan with aggressive course and dismal outcome. Dasatinib is a Bcr-bl and Src kinase inhibitor that has potential against HNSCC. We recently disclosed that EGFR degradation is critical for dasatinib-induced apoptosis. Here, we further demonstrate that AMPK-dependent ER stress(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the roles of STATs 1 and 3 in CCL2 production in human osteoblastic cells and their influences on arthritis development. METHODS The expression of CCL2 in primary human osteoblasts and U2OS human osteoblastic cells was examined by Northern blotting and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The roles of STAT-1/3 and c-Fos were assessed(More)
Proinflammatory cytokines play important roles in insulin resistance. Here we report that mice with a T-cell-specific conditional knockout of HGK (T-HGK cKO) develop systemic inflammation and insulin resistance. This condition is ameliorated by either IL-6 or IL-17 neutralization. HGK directly phosphorylates TRAF2, leading to its lysosomal degradation and(More)
BACKGROUND Federal initiatives aim to increase office-based treatment of opioid dependence, but, to our knowledge, factors associated with willingness to deliver this care have not been defined. The objective of this study was to describe clinics' willingness to provide methadone hydrochloride or buprenorphine hydrochloride for opioid dependence. METHODS(More)