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We have examined the expression of a gap junction protein, connexin32 (Cx32), in Schwann cells and oligodendrocytes. In peripheral nerve, Cx32 is found in the paranodal myelin loops and Schmidt-Lanterman incisures of myelinating Schwann cells, and the levels of Cx32 protein and mRNA change in parallel with those of other myelin-related genes during(More)
Mutations in the gene encoding the gap junction protein connexin32 (Cx32) cause X-linked Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMTX), a common form of inherited demyelinating peripheral neuropathy. To learn more about the pathogenesis of CMTX, we examined the PNS and CNS of cx32-null mice (cx32-/Y males and cx32-/-females) by light and electron microscopy. These(More)
Geolocated social media data provides a powerful source of information about place and regional human behavior. Because little social media data is geolocation-annotated, inference techniques serve an essential role for increasing the volume of annotated data. One major class of inference approaches has relied on the social network of Twitter, where the(More)
F-spondin, an extracellular matrix protein, is present in peripheral nerve during embryonic development, but its amount diminishes by birth. Axotomy of adult rat sciatic nerve, however, causes a massive upregulation of both F-spondin mRNA and protein distal to the lesion. F-spondin in the distal stump of axotomized nerve promotes neurite outgrowth of(More)
We examined the localization of Caspr and the K(+) channels Kv1.1 and Kv1.2, all of which are intrinsic membrane proteins of myelinated axons in the PNS. Caspr is localized to the paranode; Kv1. 1, Kv1.2 and their beta2 subunit are localized to the juxtaparanode. Throughout the internodal region, a strand of Caspr staining is flanked by a double strand of(More)
Periaxin is a newly described protein that is expressed exclusively by myelinating Schwann cells. In developing nerves, periaxin is first detected as Schwann cells ensheathe axons, prior to the appearance of the proteins that characterize the myelin sheath. Periaxin is initially concentrated in the adaxonal membrane (apposing the axon) but, during(More)
Background Morinda officinalis oligosaccharides have been reported to exert neuroprotective and antidepressant-like effects in the forced swim test in mice. However, the mechanisms that underlie the antidepressant-like effects of Morinda officinalis oligosaccharides are unclear. Methods Chronic unpredictable stress and forced swim test were used to(More)
Neuregulins have several important functions in the development of the peripheral nervous system, acting on both developing Schwann cells and muscle fibers. To determine whether these factors are also important for peripheral nerve regeneration, we have analyzed neuregulin expression in motor and sensory neurons by Northern blots and in situ hybridization.(More)
We have examined the regulation of growth-associated protein 43 kD (GAP-43) in rat Schwann cells. In unlesioned adult nerves, GAP-43-immunoreactivity was restricted to non-myelinating Schwann cells and unmyelinated axons. When adult nerves were transected to cause permanent axotomy, previously myelinating Schwann cells expressed progressively more(More)
BACKGROUND Orphan drugs are intended to treat, prevent or diagnose rare diseases. In recent years, China healthcare policy makers and patients have become increasingly concerned about orphan drug issues. However, very few studies have assessed the availability and affordability of orphan drugs for rare diseases in China. The aim of this study was to provide(More)