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The role of aldehyde dehydrogenase 1 (ALDH1) as an ovarian cancer stem cell marker and its clinical significance have rarely been explored. We used an Aldefluor assay to isolate ALDH1-bright (ALDH1(br)) cells from epithelial ovarian cancer cell lines and characterized the properties of the stem cells. ALDH1(br) cells were enriched in ES-2 (1.3%), TOV-21G(More)
Cathepsins have long been considered as housekeeping molecules. However, specific functions have also been attributed to each of these lysosomal proteases. Squamous cell carcinoma antigen (SCCA) 1, widely expressed in various uterine cervical cells, is an endogenous cathepsin (cat) L inhibitor. In this study, we investigated whether the cat L-SCCA 1(More)
OBJECTIVE Diabetes mellitus (DM), characterized by the premature development of microvascular and macrovascular disease, shows a loss of vasodilatory properties of resistance vessels. However, the mechanisms of endothelial dysfunction in diabetes have not yet been clarified. Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) in vascular cells was down-regulated by high glucose(More)
OBJECTIVE To seek an endothelium-specific growth factor by examining the mitogenic effects of hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) on endothelial cells and on vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC). METHODS Rat and human endothelial cells and VSMC were employed. DNA, RNA and protein synthesis were measured by using [3H]-thymidine, uridine and leucine. Coculture of(More)
Since endothelial cells (EC) are known to secrete various anti-proliferative and vasodilating factors, an agent that promotes seeding or regeneration of EC may have potential therapeutic value against vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) proliferation. For the above purpose, we have found that hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) fulfills such conditions. However,(More)
Licorice is a common Chinese medicinal herb with antitumor activity. Some components in licorice root have been shown to induce cell cycle arrest or apoptosis in cancer cells. This paper demonstrates for the first time that licorice Glycyrrhiza glabra and its component licochalcone-A (LA) can induce autophagy in addition to apoptosis in human LNCaP prostate(More)
The objective of this investigation was to evaluate the role of hypertension in endothelial function, changes in which are known to be an early event of atherosclerosis. We assessed endothelial function in 13 subjects with normal blood pressure and 13 subjects with essential hypertension who had never been treated for hypertension or hyperlipidemia and who(More)
Endothelial cells are known to secrete various vasoactive substances that may control mesangial cell growth, whereas mesangial cells also secrete various growth factors and cytokines that may regulate endothelial cells. Therefore, it is apparent that cell-cell interactions among renal cells are important in the control of renal function. Indeed, co-culture(More)
HGF (hepatocyte growth factor), a member of endothelium-specific growth factors, might contribute to protection and/or repair of vascular endothelial cells injured by high blood pressure (BP). If so, serum HGF level might be elevated in response to endothelial cell damage. To test this hypothesis, we measured serum levels of HGF in hypertensive and(More)
Endothelial cells are known to secrete various antiproliferative and vasodilating factors. Although injury of endothelial cells has been postulated as an initial trigger of the progression of atherosclerosis in patients with diabetes, the mechanisms of endothelial injury in diabetes are not yet clarified. Therefore, it is important to know the effects of(More)