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The role of aldehyde dehydrogenase 1 (ALDH1) as an ovarian cancer stem cell marker and its clinical significance have rarely been explored. We used an Aldefluor assay to isolate ALDH1-bright (ALDH1(br)) cells from epithelial ovarian cancer cell lines and characterized the properties of the stem cells. ALDH1(br) cells were enriched in ES-2 (1.3%), TOV-21G(More)
A recent hypothesis for cancer chemoresistance posits that cytotoxic survival of a subpopulation of tumor progenitors drives the propagation of recurrent disease, underscoring the need for new therapeutics that target such primitive cells. To discover such novel compounds active against drug-resistant ovarian cancer, we identified a subset of chemoresistant(More)
Since endothelial cells (EC) are known to secrete various anti-proliferative and vasodilating factors, an agent that promotes seeding or regeneration of EC may have potential therapeutic value against vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) proliferation. For the above purpose, we have found that hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) fulfills such conditions. However,(More)
HGF (hepatocyte growth factor), a member of endothelium-specific growth factors, might contribute to protection and/or repair of vascular endothelial cells injured by high blood pressure (BP). If so, serum HGF level might be elevated in response to endothelial cell damage. To test this hypothesis, we measured serum levels of HGF in hypertensive and(More)
The primary cause of death from breast cancer is the progressive growth of tumors and resistance to conventional therapies. It is currently believed that recurrent cancer is repopulated according to a recently proposed cancer stem cell hypothesis. New therapeutic strategies that specifically target cancer stem-like cells may represent a new avenue of cancer(More)
BACKGROUND Despite of the trend that the application of DNA methylation as a biomarker for cancer detection is promising, clinically applicable genes are few. Therefore, we looked for novel hypermethylated genes for cervical cancer screening. METHODS AND FINDINGS At the discovery phase, we analyzed the methylation profiles of human cervical carcinomas and(More)
OBJECTIVE To seek an endothelium-specific growth factor by examining the mitogenic effects of hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) on endothelial cells and on vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC). METHODS Rat and human endothelial cells and VSMC were employed. DNA, RNA and protein synthesis were measured by using [3H]-thymidine, uridine and leucine. Coculture of(More)
Licorice is a common Chinese medicinal herb with antitumor activity. Some components in licorice root have been shown to induce cell cycle arrest or apoptosis in cancer cells. This paper demonstrates for the first time that licorice Glycyrrhiza glabra and its component licochalcone-A (LA) can induce autophagy in addition to apoptosis in human LNCaP prostate(More)
Cathepsins have long been considered as housekeeping molecules. However, specific functions have also been attributed to each of these lysosomal proteases. Squamous cell carcinoma antigen (SCCA) 1, widely expressed in various uterine cervical cells, is an endogenous cathepsin (cat) L inhibitor. In this study, we investigated whether the cat L-SCCA 1(More)
Indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO) has been known as an emerging therapeutic target in autoimmunity-related arthritis. The treatment responses of adenoviral vectors encoding IDO (AdIDO) gene therapy in rat collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) were examined in this study. The therapeutic effects on ankle circumference, articular index, and radiographic and(More)