Yi-Sheng Chang

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Replacement of dysfunctional or dying photoreceptors offers a promising approach for retinal neurodegenerative diseases, including age-related macular degeneration and retinitis pigmentosa. Several studies have demonstrated the integration and differentiation of developing rod photoreceptors when transplanted in wild-type or degenerating retina; however,(More)
The authors describe an 11-year-old boy developing bilateral acute anterior uveitis, papillitis in one eye, and neuroretinitis in the other eye after an upper respiratory tract infection of influenza A virus, possibly H1N1. Steroid pulse therapy resolved these conditions. The authors recommend alertness for visual blurring and ocular inflammation after(More)
PURPOSE The aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR) is a ligand-activated nuclear receptor that regulates cellular response to environmental signals, including UV and blue wavelength light. This study was undertaken to elucidate AHR function in retinal homeostasis. METHODS RNA-seq data sets were examined for Ahr expression in the mouse retina and rod(More)
BACKGROUND Thrombomodulin is an anticoagulant, endothelial-cell-membrane glycoprotein. A recombinant thrombomodulin domain containing 6 epidermal growth factor-like structures exhibits mitogenic activity. This study explored the novel angiogenic effects of the recombinant domain using in vitro and in vivo models. METHODS AND RESULTS Human recombinant(More)
Some phytochemicals with the characteristics of cytotoxicity and/or antimetastasis have generated intense interest among the anticancer studies. In this study, a natural flavonoid baicalein was evaluated in bladder cancer in vitro and in vivo. Baicalein inhibits 5637 cell proliferation. It arrests cells in G1 phase at 100  μ M and in S phase below 75  μ M.(More)
Thyroid cancer is the most common endocrine malignancy, the global incidence rate of which is rapidly rising. Surgery and radioiodine therapies are common and effective treatments only for nonmetastasized primary tumors. Therefore, effective treatment modalities are imperative for patients with radioiodine-resistant thyroid cancer. Honokiol, a biophenolic(More)
Some phytochemicals with the characteristics of cytotoxicity and anti-metastasis has generated intense interest among the invasive cancer study. Curcumin, one of these anti-cancer phytochemicals, has been reported to induce the cytoprotective enzyme heme oxygenase-1 expression. Since heme oxygenase-1 has been suggested to enhance cancer cell invasion, we(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the corneal endothelial cytotoxicity of commercial formulations of agents used for intracameral anesthesia in cataract and other ocular surgery. METHODS Cultured corneal endothelial cells (CECs) of New Zealand White rabbits were exposed for 1 minute to balanced salt solution (control); Xylocaine (lidocaine) 1% E (with epinephrine),(More)
This work proposed the normally-off gate-recessed AlGaN/GaN high electron mobility transistors (HEMTs) with more suitable threshold voltages by adjusting the Al mole fraction in the various AlGaN layer thickness under the gate region. It is found that the slope of threshold voltage versus Al mole fraction curves is decreased with decreasing the thickness of(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the toxic effects of triamcinolone acetonide (TA) suspensions on human retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells. METHODS Cultured human RPE cells were exposed for up to 2 hours to one of seven solutions: control (balanced salt solution, BSS; Alcon Laboratories, Ft. Worth TX), commercial TA suspension (cTA), cTA from which the vehicle(More)