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We describe evidence for a novel mechanism of monoclonal antibody (MAb)-directed nanoparticle (immunoliposome) targeting to solid tumors in vivo. Long-circulating immunoliposomes targeted to HER2 (ErbB2, Neu) were prepared by the conjugation of anti-HER2 MAb fragments (Fab' or single chain Fv) to liposome-grafted polyethylene glycol chains. MAb fragment(More)
Bacteria cycle between periods when they perform individual behaviors and periods when they perform group behaviors. These transitions are controlled by a cell-cell communication process called quorum sensing, in which extracellular signal molecules, called autoinducers (AIs), are released, accumulate, and are synchronously detected by a group of bacteria.(More)
microRNAs (miRNAs) are a class of endogenous, non-coding, short (approximately 21 nt) RNAs directly involved in regulating gene expression at the post-transcriptional level. Previous reports have noted that plant miRNAs in the plant kingdom are highly conserved, which provides the foundation for identification of conserved miRNAs in other plant species(More)
The phytohormone abscisic acid (ABA) regulates plant growth and development as well as stress tolerance. To gain more insights into ABA signalling, a population of chemical-inducible activation-tagged Arabidopsis mutants was screened on the basis of the ABA effect on the inhibition of seed germination. Two novel ABA supersensitive mutants ABA supersensitive(More)
To study the function of LeERF1 in ethylene triple response on etiolated seedling, plant development and fruit ripening and softening, LeERF1 gene was introduced into tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum cv. No. 4 Zhongshu) through Agrobacterium-mediated transformation. The sense LeERF1 and anti-sense LeERF1 transgenic tomato were obtained. Overexpression of(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a newly identified class of endogenous, non-coding, short ( approximately 21nt) RNAs that play important roles in regulating gene expression at post-transcriptional level by targeting mRNA cleavage or translational inhibition in plants and animals. Though there are lots of differences between plant miRNAs and animal miRNAs, most of(More)
Bacteria use a chemical communication process called quorum sensing to control transitions between individual and group behaviors. In the Vibrio harveyi quorum-sensing circuit, two master transcription factors, AphA and LuxR, coordinate the quorum-sensing response. Here we show that AphA regulates 167 genes, LuxR regulates 625 genes, and they coregulate 77(More)
We conducted a prospective, randomized study to evaluate whether postoperative ureteral stenting is necessary after ureteroscopic holmium laser lithotripsy. A total of 115 consecutive patients with distal or middle ureteral calculi amenable to ureteroscopic holmium laser lithotripsy were prospectively randomized into stented group (n = 58) and nonstented(More)
Quorum sensing is a mechanism of cell-cell communication that bacteria use to control collective behaviours including bioluminescence, biofilm formation and virulence factor production. In the Vibrio harveyi and Vibrio cholerae quorum-sensing circuits, multiple non-coding small regulatory RNAs called the quorum-regulated small RNAs (Qrr sRNAs) function to(More)
Listeria monocytogenes is a Gram-positive bacterium that causes severe opportunistic infections in humans and animals. We biochemically characterized, for the first time, the iron uptake processes of this facultative intracellular pathogen, and identified the genetic loci encoding two of its membrane iron transporters. Strain EGD-e used iron complexes of(More)