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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Partial volume with CSF is known to contaminate the quantification of white matter anisotropy depicted by diffusion tensor imaging (DTI). We hypothesized that the FLAIR technique helps to improve DTI white matter tractography in the normal adult brain by eliminating CSF partial volume effects. METHODS Seven healthy adults aged 23-37(More)
OBJECTIVE This study investigates the application of a modified reversed gradient algorithm to the Propeller-EPI imaging method (periodically rotated overlapping parallel lines with enhanced reconstruction based on echo-planar imaging readout) for corrections of geometric distortions due to the EPI readout. MATERIALS AND METHODS Propeller-EPI acquisition(More)
Metabolite T2 is necessary for accurate quantification of the absolute concentration of metabolites using long-echo-time (TE) acquisition schemes. However, lengthy data acquisition times pose a major challenge to mapping metabolite T2. In this study we used proton echo-planar spectroscopic imaging (PEPSI) at 3T to obtain fast T2 maps of three major cerebral(More)
The flow-sensitive alternating inversion recovery (FAIR) and the first-pass dynamic contrast-enhanced MR imaging (CE-MRI) techniques have both been shown to be effective in the assessment of human pulmonary perfusion. However, no comprehensive comparison of the measurements by these two methods has been reported. In this study, healthy adults were(More)
This study investigated the effects of flip angle setting in 3D balanced steady-state free precession (SSFP) imaging on CSF-parenchyma contrast and section aliasing artifacts. Theoretical derivations indicated that the extent of section aliasing artifacts decreased as the flip angle was lowered, at the expense of a sacrifice in CSF-parenchyma contrast.(More)
Parallel imaging has been demonstrated to reduce the encoding time of MR spectroscopic imaging (MRSI). Here we investigate up to 5-fold acceleration of 2D proton echo planar spectroscopic imaging (PEPSI) at 3T using generalized autocalibrating partial parallel acquisition (GRAPPA) with a 32-channel coil array, 1.5 cm(3) voxel size, TR/TE of 15/2000 ms, and(More)
—Recently, Tsai presented an efficient algorithm which uses the ratio value of the hue over the intensity to construct the ratio map for detecting shadows of color aerial images. Instead of only using the global thresholding process in Tsai's algorithm, this paper presents a novel successive thresholding scheme (STS) to detect shadows more accurately. In(More)
Tumor susceptibility gene 101 (TSG101), a mammalian homologue of yeast vps23, is involved in protein sorting, vesicular trafficking and maintenance of genomic integrity. Upregulation of the TSG101 gene was found in human thyroid papillary and breast tumors. Here, we define the proximal promoter of human TSG101 at −1 to −436 by reporter assay. Intact Sp1 and(More)
A temporal correlation (TC) mapping method is proposed to help bolus chasing during dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE) MRI of complex pulmonary circulation (CPC) in patients with congenital heart disease. DCE-MRI was performed on five healthy male subjects (23-24 years old) and 25 patients (nine males and 16 females, 0.25-44 years old), and TC maps were(More)
PURPOSE Clinical cardiac MR imaging techniques generally require patients to hold their breath during the scanning process to minimize respiratory motion-related artifacts. However, some patients cannot hold their breath because of illness or limited breath-hold capacity. This study aims to optimize the PROPELLER reconstruction for free-breathing myocardial(More)