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Antrodia camphorata is used in folk medicine for the treatment of inflammation syndromes and liver-related diseases in Taiwan. The goal of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of the mycelial extract of A. camphorata (ACE) for the treatment of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) in SLE-prone NZB/W F1 mice. After antibodies against double-stranded DNA(More)
Antrodia cinnamomea is a scarce, epiphyte, host-specific, brown-rot fungus that produces diverse bioactive compounds with potent biological activity. Natural wild-type fruiting bodies of A. cinnamomea are rare and highly valued, but their artificial culture poses challenges. Triterpenoids are a group of secondary metabolites that contribute to the(More)
Medicinal mushroom Antrodia cinnamomea is a higher Basidiomycetes endemic to Taiwan, where it is commonly used as a traditional folk medicine. It is well known for its multiple biologic activities and its potential for commercial development. Here, ten full lengths of cytochrome P450 (CYP) genes (ac-1 to ac-10) from A. cinnamomea were cloned and identified.(More)
Antrodia cinnamomea, a precious, host-specific brown-rot fungus that has been used as a folk medicine in Taiwan for centuries is known to have diverse bioactive compounds with potent pharmaceutical activity. In this study, different fermentation states of A. cinnamomea (wild-type fruiting bodies and liquid cultured mycelium) were sequenced using the(More)
Cinnamomum osmophloeum is a commercially important tree species in Taiwan, which has numerous chemotypes with various secondary metabolite profiles. The linalool chemotype is important because it generates pure S-(+)-linalool with high yield. In the present study, the linalool synthase (LIS) genes were isolated from different provenances of C. osmophloeum.(More)
In cultured cells, glucose and serum provide constant sources of energy and growth factors, both of which are important for cell survival and proliferation. AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) plays a key role in sensing intracellular ATP levels and acts as a critical regulator of energy homeostasis. To investigate the relationship between energy status and(More)
Methyltransferases play crucial roles in many cellular processes, and various regulatory mechanisms have evolved to control their activities. For methyltransferases involved in biosynthetic pathways, regulation via feedback inhibition is a commonly employed strategy to prevent excessive accumulation of the pathways' end products. To date, no biosynthetic(More)
Antodia cinnamomea, a precious brown-rot fungus endemic to Taiwan, has pharmaceutical applications due to its diverse array of metabolites. The terpenoids found in A. cinnamomea contribute to its most important bioactivities. We identified several terpenoid compounds in A. cinnamomea and revealed that their content in mycelium and fruiting body were(More)
The aim of this study was to test whether long-term ethanol consumption confers therapeutic resistance to human liver cancer patients infected with hepatitis B virus (HBV). Chronic ethanol-treated cells were established by consecutively culturing a human hepatocellular carcinoma cell line, Hep 3B, which contains integrated HBV sequences, for 20-40 passages(More)
cDNAs specifically expressed at the basidiome stage were isolated by using PCR-selected cDNA subtraction in order to study gene regulation during porous-hymenium basidiomatal formation in Antrodia cinnamomea. blastx results suggested that most of the expressed sequence tags (52.4-69.5%) had no significant protein homology to genes from other published(More)
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