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CUACE/Dust, an operational mesoscale sand and dust storm (SDS) forecasting system for East Asia, has been developed by online coupling a dust aerosol emission scheme and dust aerosol microphysics onto a regional meteorological model with improved advection and diffusion schemes and a detailed Northeast Asia soil erosion database. With improved initial dust(More)
The localization, biotransformation, and chemical speciation of copper in root tips of cucumber (Cucumis sativus) were investigated using synchrotron-based micro X-ray fluorescence (μ-XRF) and micro X-ray absorption near edge structure (μ-XANES). The highest content of Cu was found in root cap and meristematic zone whereas low Cu content in elongation and(More)
This paper introduces a definition of sand/dust storm process as a new standard and idea of sand/dust storm (SDS) groups a number of SDS-events in Northeast Asia. Based on the meteorological data from WMO/GOS network, 2456 Chinese surface stations and NCEP-NCAR reanalysis, the sand/dust storm processes in Northeast Asia in spring 2000–2006 are investigated.(More)
While indirect model has been widely accepted in bioleaching, but the evidence of cell surface iron speciation has not been reported. In the present work the iron speciation on the cell surfaces of four typically acidophilic iron-oxidizing microorganism (mesophilic Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans ATCC 23270, moderately thermophilic Leptospirillum ferriphilum(More)
Very long chain fatty acids (VLCFAs) are essential lipid components in many plants. 3-Ketoacyl-CoA synthase (KCS) catalyzes the condensation reaction to form 3-ketoacyl-CoA in VLCFA synthesis. AtELO4 has been reported to be involved in VLCFA synthesis, functioning as a KCS in Arabidopsis. However, no studies on other three AtELO members have been reported.(More)
La parall elisation d'un programme s equentiel comporte plusieurs etapes : le calcul des d ependances, leur repr esentation et l'utilisation de cette repr esenta-tion pour l'application des transformations de programme permettant d'obtenir un ordonnancement parall ele des instructions du programme. Le succ es de la pa-rall elisation d epend de la pr ecision(More)
DNA polymerases slide on DNA during replication, and the interface must be mobile for various conformational changes. The role of lubricant interfacial water is not understood. In this report, we systematically characterize the water dynamics at the interface and in the active site of a tight binding polymerase (pol β) in its binary complex and ternary(More)
The effect of glucose and elemental sulfur on the growth and PHB accumulation of Acidiphilium cryptum DX1-1 was investigated. Meanwhile, the differential expressions of 19 genes related with PHB accumulation, sulfur metabolism and carbon fixed in heterotrophy, phytotrophy and mixotrophy were studied by RT-qPCR. The results showed that strain DX1-1 could(More)
This study established a simple method of specifically detecting Salmonella species by amplifying fimW gene, which was involved in regulating Salmonella type I fimbriae expression. A pair of primers was designed to target and discriminate the 68 Salmonella strains of 23 Salmonella serovars available to us from 12 non-Salmonella strains of five different(More)