Yi-Ping Rao

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Bile acids have been reported to activate several different cell signaling cascades in rat hepatocytes. However, the mechanism(s) of activation of these pathways have not been determined. This study aims to determine which bile acids activate the Raf-1/MEK/ERK cascade and the mechanism of activation of this pathway. Taurodeoxycholic acid (TDCA) stimulated(More)
Toxic bile salts induce hepatocyte apoptosis, a model relevant to liver injury during cholestasis. However, the signaling mechanisms culminating in bile salt-induced apoptosis remain unclear. Because protein kinase C (PKC) is activated by bile salts in hepatocytes and causes apoptosis in other cells, we tested the hypothesis that bile salt-induced(More)
In vitro and in vivo studies have shown that the sterol 27-hydroxylase (CYP27) gene is transcriptionally repressed by hydrophobic bile acids. The molecular mechanism(s) of repression of CYP27 by bile acids is unknown. To identify the bile acid responsive element (BARE) and transcription factor(s) that mediate the repression of CYP27 by bile acids,(More)
We have recently shown that taurocholate (TCA) represses the transcriptional activity of cholesterol 7 alpha-hydroxylase, the rate-limiting enzyme of the bile acid biosynthetic pathway, through a protein kinase C (PKC)-dependent mechanism in primary cultures of rat hepatocytes. The present studies sought to determine the mechanisms by which bile acids(More)
The feedback repression of cholesterol 7alpha-hydroxylase transcriptional activity and mRNA levels by taurocholate (TCA) occurs via a protein kinase C (PKC)-dependent signal. To determine whether bile acids could activate PKC indirectly via generation of diacylglycerol (DG), their effects on DG levels in primary cultures of rat hepatocytes were determined(More)
The effect of exposure time and concentration on the tissue-specific accumulation of Zn in two fiddler crabs, Uca annulipes and Uca triangularis, obtained from polluted (Visakhapatnam Harbor) and unpolluted (Bhimilipatnam) areas was studied. Hepatopancreas registered major accumulation of Zn when the crabs were exposed to sublethal concentrations (6.38 to(More)
In vivo effect of lead on Na, K(+)-ATPase was studied in plasma membrane/mitochondrial fraction of P. indicus post-larvae (PL), exposed to 30 days to a sublethal concentration (1.44 ppm) of lead. A significant (P < 0.05) decrease in the enzyme activity was observed for exposed PL with respect to their controls at different intervals except 24hr. Further the(More)
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