In this paper we put our attention on gaining a set of effective acoustic model bestowed in an embedded phoneme-base mandarin name dialing system. Different sets of sub-word units are tested in the diverse vocabulary lists. The emission probability varied with the amount of mixtures and the type of covariance matrices is adopted. The speech feature with… (More)
We propose a detection mechanism that takes the advantage of virtualized environment and combines both passive and active detection approaches for detecting bot malware. Our proposed passive detection agent lies in the virtual machine monitor to profile the bot behavior and check against it with other hosts. The proposed active detection agent that performs… (More)
Glycosyl hydrolase family 16 (GHF16) truncated Fibrobacter succinogenes (TFs) and GHF17 barley 1,3-1,4-beta-D-glucanases (beta-glucanases) possess different structural folds, beta-jellyroll and (beta/alpha)8, although they both catalyze the specific hydrolysis of beta-1,4 glycosidic bonds adjacent to beta-1,3 linkages in mixed beta-1,3 and beta-1,4… (More)
Cloud security becomes an important topic in recent years, as to overcome the botnet in a virtualized environment is a critical task for the cloud providers. Although numerous intrusion detection systems are available, yet it is not practical to install IDS in every virtual machine. In this paper, we argue that a virtual machine monitor (VMM) can support… (More)
We demonstrate miniature Mach-Zehnder-interferometer with a device length of 179.5 μm using two micro-abrupt-tapers in a cladding-depressed strongly-guiding fiber. The index variation of 2×10<sup>−3</sup> from a 6.3 picoliter optical liquid can cause 1.6 nm wavelength-shift.