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BACKGROUND Difficulty attending is a common deficit of schizophrenic patients. However, it is not known whether this is a global attentional deficit or relates to a specific attentional network. METHOD This study used the attention network test to compare schizophrenic patients (N=77) with controls (N=53) on the efficiency of three anatomically defined(More)
The calcium-dependent protease calpain cleaves the NMDA receptor 2 (NR2) subunit of the NMDA receptor both in vitro and in vivo and thus potentially modulates NMDA receptor function and turnover. We examined the ability of postsynaptic density-95 (PSD-95) protein to alter the calpain-mediated cleavage of NR2A and NR2B. Coexpression of PSD-95 with NMDA(More)
Chronic pain hypersensitivity depends on N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors (NMDARs). However, clinical use of NMDAR blockers is limited by side effects resulting from suppression of the physiological functions of these receptors. Here we report a means to suppress pain hypersensitivity without blocking NMDARs, but rather by inhibiting the binding of a key(More)
This paper studied the effect of neurosteroid dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate on spontaneous glutamate release in the prelimbic cortex by using electrophysiological and biochemical methods combined with a pharmacological approach and made some comparisons with those in the hippocampus. The results showed that dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate increased the(More)
The present paper studied the effect and mechanism of neurosteroid pregnenolone sulfate (PREGS) on spontaneous glutamate release using electrophysiological and biochemical methods combined with a pharmacological approach. The results suggested that PREGS had a selective enhancing effect on spontaneous glutamate release in the prelimbic cortex and the(More)
One approach to conveying tactile feedback from sensorized neural prostheses is to characterize the neural signals that would normally be produced in an intact limb and reproduce them through electrical stimulation of the residual peripheral nerves. Toward this end, we have developed an integrate-and-fire model that predicts with millisecond accuracy the(More)
NMDA receptors play critical roles in synaptic modulation and neurological disorders. In this study, we investigated the developmental changes in NR2 cleavage by NMDA receptor-activated calpain in cultured cortical and hippocampal neurons. Calpain activity increased with development, associated with increased expression of NMDA receptors but not of calpain(More)
Visual attention is often understood as a modulatory field acting at early stages of processing, but the mechanisms that direct and fit the field to the attended object are not known. We show that a purely spatial attention field propagating downward in the neuronal network responsible for perceptual organization will be reshaped, repositioned, and(More)
The hypothalamic suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) functions as a circadian pacemaker regulating a variety of physiological and behavioral rhythms in mammals. Retinal illumination evokes expression of several immediate-early genes, including junB, in the ventral SCN early in the subjective night and throughout the SCN later in the subjective night. junB mRNA(More)
We examined the effects of progesterone on frequency of miniature excitatory postsynaptic currents (mEPSCs) and spontaneous excitatory postsynaptic currents (sEPSCs), and dopamine-induced increase in the frequency of sEPSCs in pyramidal cells of layers V-VI of the rat prelimbic cortex using whole-cell patch-clamp techniques in slices. The results showed(More)