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We have previously shown that treatment with okadaic acid (OA) followed by heat shock (HS) (termed OA --> HS treatment) leads to rapid transactivation of the 78-kDa glucose-regulated protein gene (grp78) in 9L rat brain tumor cells. A cAMP-responsive element-like (CRE-like, TGACGTGA) promoter sequence and a protein kinase A signaling pathway are involved in(More)
Okadaic acid (OA), a protein phosphatase inhibitor, was found to induce hyperphosphorylation and reorganization of vimentin intermediate filaments in 9L rat brain tumor cells. The process was dose dependent. Vimentin phosphorylation was initially enhanced by 400 nM OA in 30 min and reached maximal level (about 26-fold) when cells were treated with 400 nM OA(More)
Organization of intermediate filament, a major component of cytoskeleton, is regulated by protein phosphorylation/dephosphorylation, which is a dynamic process governed by a balance between the activities of involved protein kinases and phosphatases. Blocking dephosphorylation by protein phosphatase inhibitors such as okadaic acid (OA) leads to an apparent(More)
Okadaic acid (OA), a potent inhibitor of protein phosphatases 1 and 2A, has been widely used as a tool for unravelling the regulation of cellular metabolic processes involving protein phosphorylation/dephosphorylation. It has recently been found that OA can induce reversible hyperphosphorylation of vimentin and reorganization of intermediate filaments [Lee(More)
Chloroplast DNA isolated from wild-type Nicotiana plumbaginifolia and 12 maternally inherited streptomycin-resistant mutants was digested with various restriction enzymes and the resultant patterns were compared. No gross structural alterations of the chloroplast genome were detected in any mutants; however, variant patterns owing to the gain or loss of a(More)
The vimentin contents of four mammalian cell lines originating from rat and human tissues were determined by immunoblotting and scanning densitometry. On per cell volume basis, vimentin content in 9L, KD, and HeLa cells was found to be 206.6, 151.6, and 19.1 ng/microliters, respectively. A431 cells were devoid of vimentin. Protein phosphorylation was(More)
Exposure of 9L rat brain tumor cells to 40-100 microM CdCl2 for 2 h leads to an induction of a wide spectrum of heat shock proteins (HSPs). We have demonstrated that induction of the 70-kDa HSP (HSP70) and enhanced expression of its cognate (HSC70) by cadmium are concentration dependent and that the induction kinetics of these HSP70s are different. The(More)
We have demonstrated that treatment with 200 nM okadaic acid (OA) for 1 h followed by a 15-min heat shock (HS) at 45 degrees C (termed OA-->HS treatment) leads to a rapid transactivation of grp78, the gene for the 78-kDa glucose-regulated protein, in 9L rat brain tumor cells. The level of Grp78 mRNA rose 15-fold in 60 min after the combined treatment.(More)
Many eukaryotic organisms respond to heat shock by synthesizing new proteins. We examined the possibility that heat shock proteins represent a particular expression of a general response to stress and that, regardless of the nature of the effective stimulus, the same proteins are synthesized. Accordingly, cardiac stress was applied in the intact rat by four(More)
Taxol-induced mitotic block and apoptosis were investigated using taxol-sensitive human leukemia HL-60 cells at submicromolar concentrations of the drug. Cells exposed to either 20 nM taxol for 1 hr or 10 nM taxol for 12 hr were able to resume normal growth, whereas cells exposed to 60 nM taxol for 1 hr or 10 nM taxol for 24 hr failed to proliferate after(More)