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OBJECTIVE This study is to determine if Adenovirus type 36 (Ad36) infection is related to macrophage infiltration in the obese group and non-obese group and the related molecular mechanisms. METHODS Ninety obesity patients and 95 non-obesity Uygur individuals were enrolled in this study. CD68 levels in abdominal subcutaneous and omental adipose tissues(More)
Lipopolysaccharides (LPS) from the outer membrane of Gram-negative bacteria serve as endotoxin to exert potent immune responses. However, the effect of LPS on adipogenesis has not been elucidated. The present study was designed to examine the effect of LPS on adipogenesis in 3T3-L1 preadipocytes and possible mechanism(s) of action involved. Our results(More)
An adaptive variant of human Ectodysplasin receptor, EDARV370A, had undergone strong positive selection in East Asia. In mice and humans, EDARV370A was found to affect ectodermal-derived characteristics, including hair thickness, hair shape, active sweat gland density and teeth formation. Facial characteristics are also largely ectodermal derived. In this(More)
Teeth are one of the most important materials for anthropological studies because they are likely to be preserved in ancient remains. While the frequencies of dental characteristics can provide clues to the phylogeny of populations, genetic studies at the individual level can further reveal the biological mechanisms and evolutionary context of dental(More)
Hair straightness/curliness is one of the most conspicuous features of human variation and is particularly diverse among populations. A recent genome-wide scan found common variants in the Trichohyalin (TCHH) gene that are associated with hair straightness in Europeans, but different genes might affect this phenotype in other populations. By sampling 2899(More)
This study is to investigate the role of adenovirus 36 (Ad36) in regulating expression of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPARγ) and cell death-inducing DFFA-like effector c (CIDEC) in Ad36-induced adipocyte differentiation. Human adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hAMSCs) were isolated and cultured, and then infected with Ad36.(More)