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Resveratrol, a natural phenolic compound found in red grapes and wine, exists as cis and trans isomers. Recent studies have shown that trans-resveratrol possesses anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidant, anti-carcinogenic, anti-tumor and immunomodulatory properties. However, it remains unclear whether cis-resveratrol may exhibit similar activities. The objective of(More)
Chemoresistance to anticancer drugs substantially reduces survival in epithelial ovarian carcinoma (EOC). Here, microarray analysis showed that collagen type XI alpha 1 (COL11A1) is a chemotherapy response-associated gene. Chemoresistant cells expressed higher COL11A1 and c/EBPβ than chemosensitive cells. COL11A1 or c/EBPβ downregulation suppressed(More)
Xeroderma pigmentosum group C (XPC) interacts with hHR23B to recognize DNA damage in global genomic repair. We previously showed that XPC is predominantly affected by its hypermethylation and is associated with an increased occurrence of p53 mutation in lung cancer. Tumors with low XPC mRNA levels had a poorer prognosis than those with high XPC mRNA levels,(More)
Aldehyde dehydrogenase 1 (ALDH1) is a cancer stem-like cell (CSC) marker in human cancers; however, the specific ALDH1-regulated function and its underlying signalling pathways have not been fully demonstrated. Here, we investigated the ALDH1-regulated function and its underlying signalling and tested whether all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) can suppress(More)
Extracorporeal shockwave therapy (ESWT) has been applied in lithotripsy and treatments of musculoskeletal disorders over the past decade, but its effects on peripheral nerves remain unclear. This study investigated the short-term effects of shockwaves on the sciatic nerve of rats. The nerves were surgically exposed and then stimulated with shockwaves at(More)
Recently, extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT) is found to be effective for musculoskeletal disorders, such as calcific tendonitis, epicondylitis, and plantar fasciitis. Until now, there is no study on the influence of ESWT on motor nerve and the underlying mechanism of ESWT on musculoskeletal disorders remains unclear. This study evaluated the effects(More)
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE Healthcare-associated infections in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) are associated with a significant risk of morbidity and mortality. Knowledge regarding pathogens, primary sources of infection and antibiotic resistance in the NICU is essential for developing management strategies. This study aimed to analyze the long-term(More)
Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) have potential applications in biosensors, tissue engineering, and biomedical devices because of their unique physico-chemical, electronic and mechanical properties. However, there is limited literature data available concerning the biological properties and toxicity of CNTs. This study aimed to assess the toxicity exhibited by(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate if understated cognitive impairment existed in individuals with physical frail or earlier prefrail state but without cognitive complaints and the susceptible cognitive domains to the physical frailty. DESIGN A cross-sectional population-based community study. SETTING I-Lan County of Taiwan. PARTICIPANTS A total of 1839(More)
Clostridium difficile can cause antibiotic-associated diarrhea in hospitalized patients. Asymptomatic colonization by C. difficile is common during the neonatal period and early infancy, ranging from 21% to 48%, and in childhood. The colonization rate of C. difficile in adult hospitalized patients shows geographic variation, ranging from 4.4% to 23.2%.(More)