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Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-encoded RNA 1 (EBER1) and EBER2 are untranslated RNAs and the most abundant viral transcripts in latently EBV-infected cells. We previously reported that EBERs play a critical role in efficient EBV-induced growth transformation of primary B cells. To investigate whether EBER1 and EBER2 have distinct roles in B-cell growth(More)
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection converts primary human B cells into continuously proliferating lymphoblastoid cell lines (LCLs). To examine the role of EBV nuclear antigen (EBNA) 3C in the proliferation of LCLs, we established LCLs infected with an EBV recombinant that expresses EBNA3C with a C-terminal fusion to a 4-hydroxytamoxifen (4HT)-dependent(More)
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) nuclear antigen 3C (EBNA3C) is essential for efficient conversion of primary human B lymphocytes to lymphoblastoid cell lines (LCLs) and for continued LCL growth. We used a transcomplementation assay in the context of LCLs transformed by an EBV with a conditional EBNA3C to identify the EBNA3C amino acids (aa) necessary for(More)
Thyroid hormone (T(3)) exerts its many biological activities through interaction with specific nuclear receptors (TRs) that function as ligand-dependent transcription factors at genes that contain a thyroid hormone response element (TRE). Mutant TRs have been detected in human hepatocellular carcinoma cell lines and tissue, but their contribution to(More)
Transcriptional regulation of downstream gene expression by thyroid hormone (T(3)) is mediated by the thyroid hormone receptor (TR). T(3) binding induces a complicated transition, where TR converts from a transcriptional repressor into a transcriptional activator and instigates downstream gene transcription. Binding of T(3) to TR also induces the(More)
The Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) immediate-early transactivator BZLF1 plays a key role in switching EBV infection from the latent to the lytic form by stimulating the expression cascade of lytic genes; it also regulates the expression of several cellular genes. Recently, we reported that BZLF1 is expressed in primary human B cells early after EBV infection. To(More)
Under steady-state labeling conditions, Rauscher murine leukemia virus-infected NIH Swiss mouse cells contain at least three major polyproteins derived from the viral gag gene. They have molecular weights of 65,000, 40,000, and 25,000. They have been termed pPr65gag, Pr40gag, and pPr25gag. pPr65gag has been shown by a number of laboratories to be composed(More)
Interferon (IFN) treatment of NIH Swiss mouse embryo cells chronically infected with Rauscher murine leukemia virus (R-MuLV) drastically reduced the release of virus particles from the cells. The characterization of intracellular and extracellular viral specific proteins and polyproteins immunologically with various antisera, and structurally by tryptic(More)
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