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OBJECTIVE To investigate the efficacy and long-term clinical benefits of DES for dialysis patients. BACKGROUND It is unclear whether percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation is associated with lower rates of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) or mortality compared to bare-metal stents (BMS). METHODS(More)
Matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) plays an important role in the pathogenesis of atrial fibrillation (AF). The MMP9 promoter has a functional polymorphism rs3918242 that can regulate the level of gene transcription. This study recruited 200 AF patients and 240 controls. The MMP9 rs3918242 was examined by polymerase chain reactions. HL-1 atrial myocytes were(More)
BACKGROUND Hypokalemia increases the vulnerability to ventricular fibrillation. We hypothesize that the apamin-sensitive small-conductance calcium-activated potassium current (IKAS) is activated during hypokalemia and that IKAS blockade is proarrhythmic. METHODS AND RESULTS Optical mapping was performed in 23 Langendorff-perfused rabbit ventricles with(More)
BACKGROUND It is unclear whether oral anticoagulants are beneficial for atrial fibrillation (AF) patients with low CHA2DS2-VASc score. Age could be important in determining the risk of thromboembolism in low risk AF patients (CHA2DS2-VASc score of 1 for male or 2 for female). METHODS The Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD) was used(More)
BACKGROUND Contemporary guidelines recommend angiotensin-converting-enzyme inhibitors (ACEi) or angiotensin-receptor blockers (ARB) for hypertensive patients with diabetes. However, there is limited data to evaluate the comparison between ACEi and ARB on end stage renal disease (ESRD) and major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE), in Asian diabetic(More)
AIMS Previous studies have identified four baseline characteristics associated with a favourable response to cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT): female, non-ischaemic aetiology of heart failure, left bundle-branch block (LBBB), and QRS duration ≥150 ms. This study evaluated the incremental value of discoordination and dyssynchrony indices over these(More)
Inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) plays an important role in the pathogenesis of atrial fibrillation (AF). The iNOS promoter has a CCTTT-repeat length polymorphism that can determine the level of gene transcription. This study enrolled 200 AF patients and 240 controls. The length of CCTTT-repeat polymorphism in the iNOS promoter region was examined by(More)
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