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OBJECTIVE To investigate the efficacy and long-term clinical benefits of DES for dialysis patients. BACKGROUND It is unclear whether percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation is associated with lower rates of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) or mortality compared to bare-metal stents (BMS). METHODS(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Whether dabigatran is associated with different risks of cardiovascular, bleeding events, and mortality from warfarin in Asian patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation remains unclear. METHODS We used the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database to obtain 9940 and 9913 nonvalvular atrial fibrillation patients taking(More)
Dilated inferior vena cava (IVC) is prevalent among patients with heart failure (HF), but whether its presence predicts worsening renal function (WRF) or adverse outcomes is unclear. This cohort study analyzed patients with left ventricular ejection fraction <40 % and repeated hospitalizations (≥2 times) for HF between August 2009 and August 2011. The study(More)
BACKGROUND Catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia (CPVT) is a serious disease with a high mortality but its management is limited. The aim of this study was to investigate specific target sites for therapy in order to find potential management strategies for CPVT. METHODS AND RESULTS The mutant Ryanodine receptor 2 (RyR2) with reduced(More)
BACKGROUND It is unclear whether the non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulant agents rivaroxaban and dabigatran are superior to warfarin for efficacy and safety outcomes in Asians with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF). OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to compare the risk for thromboembolic events, bleeding, and mortality associated with(More)
Phospholamban (PLB) inhibits the activity of cardiac sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) Ca(2+)-ATPase (SERCA2a). Phosphorylation of PLB during sympathetic activation reverses SERCA2a inhibition, increasing SR Ca(2+) uptake. However, sympathetic activation also modulates multiple other intracellular targets in ventricular myocytes (VMs), making it impossible to(More)
BACKGROUND Hypokalemia increases the vulnerability to ventricular fibrillation. We hypothesize that the apamin-sensitive small-conductance calcium-activated potassium current (IKAS) is activated during hypokalemia and that IKAS blockade is proarrhythmic. METHODS AND RESULTS Optical mapping was performed in 23 Langendorff-perfused rabbit ventricles with(More)
BACKGROUND It is unclear whether oral anticoagulants are beneficial for atrial fibrillation (AF) patients with low CHA2DS2-VASc score. Age could be important in determining the risk of thromboembolism in low risk AF patients (CHA2DS2-VASc score of 1 for male or 2 for female). METHODS The Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD) was used(More)
BACKGROUND Contemporary guidelines recommend angiotensin-converting-enzyme inhibitors (ACEi) or angiotensin-receptor blockers (ARB) for hypertensive patients with diabetes. However, there is limited data to evaluate the comparison between ACEi and ARB on end stage renal disease (ESRD) and major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE), in Asian diabetic(More)
Matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) plays an important role in the pathogenesis of atrial fibrillation (AF). The MMP9 promoter has a functional polymorphism rs3918242 that can regulate the level of gene transcription. This study recruited 200 AF patients and 240 controls. The MMP9 rs3918242 was examined by polymerase chain reactions. HL-1 atrial myocytes were(More)