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In the vertebrate retina, the light responses of post-receptor neurons depend on the ambient or background illumination. Using intracellular recording, we have found that a circadian clock regulates the light responses of dark-adapted fish cone horizontal cells. Goldfish were maintained on a 12-hr light/12-hr dark cycle. At different times of the day or(More)
In the fish retina, horizontal cell electrical coupling and light responsiveness is regulated by activation of dopamine D1 receptors that are located on the horizontal cells themselves. The effects of dopamine and dopamine D2 receptor agonists and antagonists on cone horizontal cell light responses were studied in in vitro superfused goldfish retinas.(More)
1. The action of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) on cone horizontal cells was studied in in vitro goldfish retinas superfused with a bicarbonate-based Ringer solution that contained D-serine (0.5 microM), a glycine analogue, but no added Mg2+. Horizontal cell light responses and electrical coupling were assessed by monitoring responses to full-field stimuli and(More)
Polypyrrole (PPy) is a biocompatible polymer with good conductivity. Studies combining PPy with electrospinning have been reported; however, the associated decrease in PPy conductivity has not yet been resolved. We embedded PPy into poly(lactic acid) (PLA) nanofibers via electrospinning and fabricated a PLA/PPy nanofibrous scaffold containing 15% PPy with(More)
The extracellular matrix, which includes collagens, laminin, or fibronectin, plays an important role in peripheral nerve regeneration. Recently, a Schwann cell-derived extracellular matrix with classical biomaterial was used to mimic the neural niche. However, extensive clinical use of Schwann cells remains limited because of the limited origin, loss of an(More)
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